Retailers hold the "ultimate responsibility" for making sure that horsemeat is not in their products, environment secretary Owen Paterson said on Saturday.

After attending an emergency meeting with bosses from leading supermarkets and the Food Standards Agency (FSA) to discuss the scandal, Mr Paterson said retailers would have to start doing their own testing.

"Ultimate responsibility for the integrity of what is sold on their label has to lie with the retailer", Mr Paterson said.

Paterson said that during this morning's talks the supermarkets agreed to work with the FSA to report their test results on a quarterly basis.

Paterson said investigations would find whether "either gross incompetence or criminal acts" were at fault.

owen paterson

Paterson: 'Ultimate responsibility with the retailer'

He warned of a possible "international criminal conspiracy" being behind the scandal.

"If there's a criminal act we will work with the authorities wherever they are to ensure the appropriate measures are taken," he added.

"It's a straight fraud. If a product says it's beef and you're actually buying horse, that is a fraud.

"It is in the interests of everyone to get this resolved as rapidly as possible."

Bosses from leading supermarkets including Tesco, Sainsbury's, Asda and Morrisons attended the meeting at the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) in London.

The talks come as frozen food company Findus UK reiterated its apology after tests found up to 100% horse meat in some of its beef lasagnes.

Supermarket chain Aldi confirmed that two of its ready meal ranges produced by Comigel, the French supplier also used by Findus, were found to contain between 30% and 100% horse meat.

And last night, the issue became a police matter as Scotland Yard announced they had met representatives from the FSA.

Paterson added: "This is a conspiracy against the public. Selling a product as beef, and including a lot of horse in it is fraud."

He said it was down to retailers to visit manufacturers and make sure they stick to the proper protocols to be sure themselves that the materials going into their products are what they are meant to be.

Scotland Yard said officers had met the FSA over the scandal, although there is currently no official police investigation.

He said the supermarkets had agreed to look into how they can improve their existing regimes and have already begun plans to carry out more testing.

They had also agreed that consumers should be compensated if they have bought withdrawn products, with no questions asked.

The FSA have asked retailers and processors to test all their processed beef products to make sure they are what they say they are, with the results expected by next Friday.

"There may well be more bad results coming through, that's the point of doing this random analysis," Mr Paterson said.

Asked if there were any plans to test for traces of other meats, such as dog, the environment minister said: "It may be very isolated, it might be a small number of suppliers involved in the horse trade we don't know, but I think that as we progress and we'll know more over the course of the next few weeks, we can decide what to do next."

Questioned about whether he would be prepared to eat meat bought from a supermarket, he said: "I would be very happy to eat any products on sale in British supermarkets this morning, but I would not recommend anyone to eat a product which has been withdrawn."

Prime Minister David Cameron has said the matter is "shocking" and "completely unacceptable".

Labour leader Ed Miliband described the situation as "appalling".

He added: "I think people in the country will be quite shocked that horse meat has been in the food that they have been innocently buying.

"The Government has got to get a grip on this situation."

The Trading Standards Institute has said the discovery of such high levels of horse meat suggests "deliberate fraudulent activity".

Scotland Yard said officers had met the FSA over the scandal, although there is currently no official police investigation.

Politicians and food safety experts have played down the risk to human health, with Mr Cameron, speaking in Brussels, saying it was not about food safety but accurate food labelling and the industry would have to work hard to restore confidence.

Findus UK confirmed it carried out a full product recall on Monday, two days before DNA tests found that some of its lasagnes contained up to 100% horse meat.

The Findus spokesman added that the firm "do not believe this is a food safety issue" but that anyone who had bought 320g, 360g or 500g Findus beef lasagne packs could call its customer care line on 0800 132584 for advice and a refund.

The frozen food firm, which has its headquarters in London, tested 18 of its beef lasagne products, made by French food supplier Comigel, and found that 11 contained in the range of 60% to 100% horse meat, the FSA said.


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Some Findus lasagnes were revealed to be almost entirely horse meat

Labour MP Tom Watson published a letter on his website which he claimed was sent by Findus to retailers on Monday, warning that a France-based supplier had told it there may be problems with raw materials delivered since August 1 last year.

In it, the firm claimed raw materials delivered to a French contractor since August 1 were "likely to be non-conform and consequently the labelling on finished products is incorrect".

The letter added: "The supplier has asked us to withdraw the raw material batches."

But Findus said it was not aware of any contamination with horse meat last year.

The company said in a statement: "Findus want to be absolutely explicit that they were not aware of any issue of contamination with horse meat last year.

"They were only made aware of a possible August 2012 date through a letter dated 2 February 2013 from the supplier Comigel. By then Findus was already conducting a full supply chain traceability review and had pro-actively initiated DNA testing."

The statement added that Findus had not been invited to the Defra summit although the Food and Drink Federation, of which they are a member, was attending.

Tesco and Aldi have also withdrawn a range of ready meals produced by Comigel over fears that they contained contaminated meat.

The GMB union said all hospitals, schools and meals-on-wheels services should verify that horse meat had not been served to vulnerable people.

Responding to fears that school dinners might be contaminated with horsemeat, the Department for Education said schools and councils were responsible for their food contracts.

A spokeswoman for the Local Authority Caterers Association (Laca) said: "We are as sure as we can be that this is not affecting the school catering area."

She added that there were "strict guidelines" around food safety and supplying dinners in schools, including transparency and traceability of ingredient provenance, written into contracts.

Findus later confirmed it was taking legal advice.

The company said in a statement: "Findus is taking legal advice about the grounds for pursuing a case against its suppliers, regarding what they believe is their suppliers' failure to meet contractual obligations about product integrity.

"The early results from Findus UK's internal investigation strongly suggests that the horsemeat contamination in Beef Lasagne was not accidental."

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  • Horse meat found in beef products

    Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) Owen Paterson, left, speaks to the media outside Defra Headquarters in London, Saturday Feb. 9, 2013, after an emergency meeting with the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and representatives of various leading retailers, as revelations about the widespread use of horseheat in supermarket beef products continues to hit consumer confidence. Concerns about the use of horsemeat burst into the spotlight earlier this year, after it emerged that some beef products contained horse DNA, and now the whole industry faces pressure to test their products and reveal the findings. (AP Photo / John Stillwell, PA) UNITED KINGDOM OUT - NO SALES - NO ARCHIVES

  • Horse meat found in beef products

    Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Owen Paterson speaks to the media outside Defra Headquarters, London, after after meeting with representatives of the food industry.

  • Horse meat found in beef products

    Federation of Wholesale Distributors Chief Executive James Bielby arriving at an emergency meeting with the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and retailers, at Defra headquarters in London, as ministers warn of a "criminal conspiracy" at the heart of the horse meat scandal.

  • Horse meat found in beef products

    Institute of Grocery Distributors Chief Executive Joanne Denney-Finch arriving at an emergency meeting with the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and retailers, at Defra headquarters in London, as ministers warn of a "criminal conspiracy" at the heart of the horse meat scandal.

  • Horse meat found in beef products

    Sainsbury's Director of Brand Judith Batchelar arriving at an emergency meeting with the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and retailers, at Defra headquarters in London, as ministers warn of a "criminal conspiracy" at the heart of the horse meat scandal.

  • Horse meat found in beef products

    Institute of Grocery Distributors President Fiona Dawson arriving at an emergency meeting with the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and retailers, at Defra headquarters in London, as ministers warn of a "criminal conspiracy" at the heart of the horse meat scandal.

  • Horse meat found in beef products

    Food and Drink Federation Director General Melanie Leech arriving at an emergency meeting with the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and retailers, at Defra headquarters in London, as ministers warn of a "criminal conspiracy" at the heart of the horse meat scandal.

  • Horse meat found in beef products

    ASDA Corporate Affairs Director Paul Kelly arriving at an emergency meeting with the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and retailers, at Defra headquarters in London, as ministers warn of a "criminal conspiracy" at the heart of the horse meat scandal.

  • Horse meat found in beef products

    Morrisons Chief Executive Dalton Philips arriving at an emergency meeting with the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and retailers, at Defra headquarters in London, as ministers warn of a "criminal conspiracy" at the heart of the horse meat scandal.

  • Horse meat found in beef products

    Tesco Technical Director Tim Smith arriving at an emergency meeting with the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and retailers, at Defra headquarters in London, as ministers warn of a "criminal conspiracy" at the heart of the horse meat scandal.

  • Horse meat found in beef products

    British Meat Processors Association Director Stephen Rossides arrives for an emergency meeting with the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and representatives of various leading retailers, at the government food and farming department, Defra, headquarters in London, as information is released revealing the widespread use of horseheat in supermarket beef products. Concerns about the use of horsemeat burst into the spotlight earlier this year, after it emerged that some beef products contained horse DNA, and now the whole industry faces public pressure to test their products and reveal the findings. (AP Photo / John Stillwell) UNITED KINGDOM OUT - NO SALES - NO ARCHIVES