Etonians dominate the heart of government because other schools do not have the same "commitment to public service", one of David Cameron's new policy advisers has said.
Jesse Norman launched a passionate defence of his own alma mater, saying ministers wanted state schools to emulate its "ethos".
In an interview with The Times, Mr Norman - who was appointed to the premier's policy advisory board this week - was asked about the number of Etonians in power positions.
They include Mr Cameron, his chief of staff Ed Llewellyn, Cabinet Office minister Oliver Letwin, new policy unit head Jo Johnson, and his brother, London Mayor Boris Johnson.
Tory MP Mr Norman said: "Other schools don't have the same commitment to public service. They do other things.
"It's one of the few schools where the pupils really do run vast chunks of the school themselves. So they don't defer in quite the same way, they do think there's the possibility of making change through their own actions.
"Of course, they are highly privileged - it would be absurd to deny that - but the whole point of what (education secretary) Michael Gove is trying to do is to recover that independent school ethos within the state system, so that people from whatever walk of life can feel that they can take a proper part to the maximum."
Mr Norman said the £30,000-a-year school continued to focus on "old-fashioned" principles that helped its students succeed.
"Things like rhetoric and poetry and public speaking and performance are incredibly important to young people succeeding in life," he said.
"I didn't know any of the people at the top of government when I was at school. I did know Boris. He was a couple of years below me. But then everyone knew Boris. He was a rather distinctive figure. Jo is much younger. I knew Cameron's brother slightly, but he wasn't in my year."
Mr Norman said it was "tragic" that class still appeared to be important in Britain. "I wish we could find some way of creating a society which was freer in its own mind about that," he said. "The problem is when you have a preoccupation with class, you get people believing that they can't succeed.
"I've no doubt that the big universities are dying for more people to apply from less privileged backgrounds, but they aren't getting them. That's one of the problems."
Posting on Twitter today, Mr Norman insisted he was "defending one institution, not attacking others".
He also suggested he had been referring to public rather than state schools, and had meant that other schools "don't always" have the same commitment to public service.