Surgery on kidney, or renal cancer which is the eighth most common cancer in the UK, may see an improvement in success rates after a new method using a glowing dye technique has been hailed a success.
The method is the first of its kind in the UK, and the operation took place at Stepping Hill Hospital in Stockport, Greater Manchester.
Over 9,000 people in the UK are diagnosed with renal cancer, according to the NHS, and surgery is usually the most common method of dealing with it.
The new surgical method uses a fluorescent green dye to highlight the healthy part of the kidney as well as the healthy blood vessels.
This improves the surgeon's ability to see the entire cancerous tumour, enabling complete removal through keyhole surgery, and saving as much healthy kidney tissue as possible, says the hospital.
Surgeons Steve Bromage and Neil Oakley carried out Friday's operation on patient Robert Holt, from Denton, Greater Manchester.
The three-hour operation was a complete success and Mr Holt was due to go home today, said hospital chiefs.
Married grandfather Mr Holt, 77, was diagnosed with kidney cancer earlier this year.
He has been a swimming head coach for more than 20 years and continues to work full-time.
Mr Holt said: "I have a very practical approach to everything in my life and that includes my feelings about being the first person in the country to have this operation.
"I was surprising relaxed about the operation and certainly not worried about it being on Friday the 13th.
"I had total confidence in the doctors at Stepping Hill Hospital and simply want to be able to get back to the day job."
KIDNEY CANCER: THE SYMPTOMS
These can include:
- Blood in your urine
- A constant pain below your ribs
- A lump in your abdomen (tummy)
Consultant urologist Steve Bromage said, "This is a significant advance. The new cost-effective technique helps surgeons preserve as much kidney function as possible while still removing all the malignant tissue.
"The dye clearly shows the boundaries of the cancerous tumour in just seconds, giving surgeons a quick and safe way to definitively mark the margins of cancerous tissue.
"This allows us to spare as much healthy kidney tissue, and kidney function, as possible. Sparing even a little bit of kidney tissue, that we might have otherwise taken out, is a very good thing."
The dye used in the operation is called Indocyannine Green (ICG).
The hospital plans to undertake more operations using this technique over the next few months, before presenting the results at a national conference.
Broccoli And Broccoli Sprouts
Cruciferous vegetables, but broccoli in particular, make for anti-cancer powerhouses thanks in part to a compound called sulforaphane that actually helps the body fight the spread of tumors. Recent research revealed the underlying reason: sulforaphane may inhibit an enzyme, called an HDAC, that <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/29/broccoli-cancer-sulforaphane_n_1310634.html">works to suppress the body's tumor fighting ability</a>, as we've previously reported. And sprouts are even more potent: three-day old broccoli sprouts have 20 to 50 times the sulforaphanes as mature broccoli, <a href="http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/press/1997/sept/970903.htm">according to Johns Hopkins research</a>. For more about the cancer fighting properties of <em>all cruciferous vegetables, check HuffPost blogger Dr. Joel Fuhrman's <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/joel-fuhrman-md/cancer-prevention_b_1624965.html">analysis of cabbage, brussels sprouts, bok choy and more</a>.
Garlic is considered a cancer-fighting food for several forms of the disease, <a href="http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/prevention/garlic-and-cancer-prevention#r12">according to the National Cancer Institute</a>. One French study found that women who regularly ate garlic had <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9928867">a significantly reduced risk of breast cancer</a>. Garlic's mild cousin, onions also had a protective effect, according to the study.
Pomegranates are known for their anti-cancer properties, thanks to a richness in anti-inflammatory antioxidants, polyphenols. But they may offer a specific benefit against breast cancer: research shows that a phytochemical found in abundance in pomegranates, called ellagitannins, interfere in the production of aromatase, an enzyme that, as HuffPost blogger Dr. Nalini Chilkov explained, "<a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/nalini-chilkov/pomegranates-cancer-fighting-_b_1078343.html">increases hormone production in breast tissue</a>." That's important because breast cancer is hormone-dependent, meaning that it feeds off of hormones like estrogen to grow and spread. "Hormone dependent cancers such as breast cancer are commonly treated with aromatase inhibitors, which block this enzyme," wrote Chilkov.
Although preliminary, research in mice has found that <a href="http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110901163921.htm">including walnuts in a healthful diet throughout the entire lifespan</a> reduced the risk of developing breast cancer by <em>half</em>.
Curcumin, the compound in turmeric, may play a role in blocking the expression of a molecule called RANKL, <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/nalini-chilkov/turmeric-health-benefits-_b_828856.html">which is found in the most deadly and aggressive breast cancer tumor cells</a>.
Most research regarding flax's anti-cancer properties has been done in mice or in-vitro cell cultures, but what it shows could be profound: in one study, according to the American Cancer Society, <a href="http://www.cancer.org/Treatment/TreatmentsandSideEffects/ComplementaryandAlternativeMedicine/HerbsVitaminsandMinerals/flaxseed">the lignans found in flax slowed the movement and "stickiness" of breast cancer cells</a>, causing it to spread more slowly in a cell culture simulation.
Berries have several powerful antioxidants, primarily anthocyanins and ellagic acid, which have been shown in cell culture studies to <a href="http://www.aicr.org/foods-that-fight-cancer/blueberries.html#research">reduce free radical damage to healthy cells</a>, according to the American Institute for Cancer Research. In separate research, they were shown to slow the growth and shorten the lifespan of breast cancer (as well as mouth, colon and prostate cancer) cells.
Green tea is rich in the polyphenol EGCG (epigallocatechin-3-gallate), which has been shown to slow the spread of breast cancer cells, <a href="http://www.breastcancer.org/tips/nutrition/supplements/known/green_tea">according to breastcancer.org</a>.
Tomatoes are rich in the antioxidant lycopene, which is thought to <a href="http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/39726407/ns/health-cancer/t/what-you-should-eat-avoid-beat-breast-cancer/#.UHNMJvmMG5M">slow breast cancer cell growth</a>.