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How MI5 Stopped Nazi Sympathisers In Britain During World War Two

28/02/2014 07:13 GMT | Updated 28/02/2014 07:59 GMT
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FORT BELVOIR, VA - FEBRUARY 7: 'The Flag Bearer Hitler in Armor' is a 1934 oil painting on plywood by Hubert Lanzinger being housed at the Army Art Collection US Army Center of Military History Museum Support Center on Friday, February 7, 2014, in Fort Belvoir, VA. As part of Adolf Hitler's collection, the piece was taken from Haus der Deutschen Kunst (House of German Art), Munich. The painting was damaged by a bayonet. As a new movie, 'The Monuments Men,' celebrates the GIs who recovered precious European art that was stolen by the Nazis, American soldiers were also gathering another kind of art: that produced by the Nazis. In the wake of the war, allied forces embarked on the 'de-nazification' of Germany. That meant collecting reams of Nazi propaganda art. Much of that material, including watercolors by Adolf Hitler, now resides at the Army's Museum Support Center at Fort Belvoir. (Photo by Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post via Getty Images)

A vast network of Nazi sympathisers in Britain apparently working to undermine the country's war effort against Germany – were in fact secretly controlled by MI5, according to incredible newly-released documents.

Files released by the National Archives show that the motley array of traitors and "fifth columnists" active in the UK during the Second World War was totally penetrated by the Security Service.

MI5 even drew up plans to issue them with special badges to be worn in the event of an invasion - supposedly to identify them as friends to the Germans, but in fact to enable them to be swiftly rounded up by the police.

The service also acquired replica Iron Crosses to reward members of the network for their loyalty while adding further proof that they were actually working for the Germans.

At the centre of the operation was a MI5 agent, known by the alias "Jack King", who was said to have a "genius" for such work.

By the end of the war, MI5 estimated that he was able to monitor and control the activities of hundreds of would-be traitors who were in fact acting as "unconscious agents" of the British.

King - who is also referred to as SR in the files - initially began by attempting to penetrate Siemens Schuckert (GB) Ltd, the British arm of the German industrial giant which was suspected of conducting espionage for the Nazis.

But the plan changed when in 1942, during the course of his inquiries, he met a "crafty and dangerous woman" called Marita Perigoe.

Said to be of mixed Swedish and German origin, she was married to a member of Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists (BUF) who had been interned in Brixton Prison. She, however, had no time for the BUF, regarding them as "insufficiently extreme".

"She was found to be so violently anti-British and so anxious to do anything in her power to help the enemy that it was felt that special attention should be paid to her," MI5 reported.

In order to penetrate her network of fifth columnists, King managed to convince her that he was a representative of the Gestapo looking for people "a hundred per cent loyal to the Fatherland" who could be relied on to help in the event of an invasion.

Although members of her network were often regarded as unstable - or in one case "semi-lunatic", MI5 was quick to stress that did not mean they were not dangerous.

Hilda Leech was described as "unstable and neurotic" and "violently anti-Semitic" however she was also passing on reports - she supposed to the Germans - about highly secret research to develop a jet aircraft.

Meanwhile Edgar Whitehead, an astrologer who was said to be "a bit of a mystery man" was passing on information about secret trials on a new amphibious tank.

As King's network expanded, MI5 was looking at new ways to subvert its activities.

"It is proposed at a later stage to provide all members of the organisation with badges, which will probably take the form of some innocuous object like the Union Jack, which they will be instructed to hide until orders are given from headquarters," one report stated.

"From then onwards they will wear them. The object of this plan is to enable the police easily to identify members of this fifth column organisation in time of emergency."

By the end of the war, Perigoe was one of six agents working directly to King - all but one of them British. MI5 estimated the numbers of their contacts who had been the subject of his "SR" intelligence reports ran "certainly to scores and probably to hundreds".

The scale of the treachery they found shocked the security service.

"When, about two years ago, the SR case began to extend from its earlier limited sphere into wider Fascist-minded groups, the spectacular nature of some of the reports and the vivid light which they threw on the disloyal outlook of so many British subjects naturally created doubts in some quarters as to the validity of the information or at least some of it," it reported.

"But it gradually became apparent that the bulk of the SR material could be relied on as substantially accurate."