Ukip's victory in the Clacton by-election which saw the party gain its first elected MP was in fact the least surprising result of the night, which also saw Labour scrape their seat in Heywood and Middleton by 617 votes after a challenge from the Eurosceptics.
Ukip leader Nigel Farage said the party was "ripping lumps" out of Labour in its northern heartlands after slashing its majority in Heywood and Middleton.
In Heywood and Middleton Liz McInnes held the seat for Labour in the contest following former MP Jim Dobbin's death, with 11,633 votes, a 40.9% share, defeating Ukip's John Bickley on 11,016, a 38.7% share.
Labour sources were quick to point out that the party had in fact increased its share of the vote, with Ukip mainly capitalising on the collapse of the Lib Dem and Conservative vote in the constituency, where the by-election had a pitiful turn-out of just 36.02%. Ukip demanded a recount before the result was announced.
But there was discord in the Labour ranks.
Ed Miliband does a lot of listening. Now he needs to do a bit more hearing.— John Mann MP (@JohnMannMP) October 10, 2014
Of course Labour has things to learn but the massive Tory swing to UKIP is the seismic element here.— Chris Bryant (@ChrisBryantMP) October 10, 2014
Labour’s share of the vote did go up in Heywood and Middleton. But only by about 1% compared to 2010, a year in which we did not do well— Mark Ferguson (@Markfergusonuk) October 10, 2014
Labour MP Frank Field said: "If last night's vote heralds the start of UKIP's serious assault into Labour's neglected core vote, all bets are off for safer, let alone marginal seats at the next election.'
Backbench MP John Mann said: "The real issue is why so many Labour voters are not bothering to vote. The mantra of 'must work harder' is not sufficient. If Ed Miliband does not broaden the Labour coalition to better include working class opinion then we cannot win a majority government."
Farage said it was a "completely stunning result in Heywood and Middleton, which proves if you vote Conservative in the North, you get Labour".
He indicated there could be further defections to Ukip in the months running up to the general election - without necessarily forcing a by-election. "There comes a point where there will be backbench Conservatives, and perhaps some Labour ones too, who will reckon they have got a better chance on a Ukip ticket next year than a Tory or Labour ticket," he told Sky. "I don't think we are quite at that moment yet."
In her acceptance speech McInnes said: "People here weren't convinced by Ukip - a party of Tory ideas, Tory people, Tory money and Tory values."
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But Bickley said: "Labour are in big trouble. This should have been a safe seat. They have thrown everything at it and they have only just scraped home."
He added: "Another couple of days and I would have won this. We would have won a week from now on the back of Clacton."
In Clacton, Tory defector Douglas Carswell said there was nothing we cannot achieve" if Ukip was able to extend its appeal to "all Britain and all Britons". He won the seat with a majority of 12,404 over the Tory candidate Giles Watling, taking nearly 60% of the vote, increasing both his majority and vote share from those he achieved as a Tory in 2010.
On a 51.2% turnout his 21,113 votes saw him comfortably defeat Watling, on 8,709 votes, with Labour in third place and the Greens pushing the Liberal Democrats down to fifth - losing their deposit.
Carswell said the Heywood and Middleton by-election, where Labour's majority tumbled from almost 6,000 to just 617, illustrated the party's appeal. "The idea that we are somehow the Tory party in exile, that myth died this evening. We are a different party that stands for all Britain and all Britons, from disillusioned former Labour voters to people who have given up on politics altogether, every bit as much as for traditional Conservative voters," he told Sky News.
"This is something new, this is something different. The real significance is that result in the north of England. We are part of something that is profoundly different in British politics," Carswell said.
In his acceptance speech earlier, Carswell said the Eurosceptic party, which has campaigned on its policy of tightening controls over the UK's borders, had to ensure it could appeal to all people in Britain, including those from immigrant backgrounds.
"To my new party I offer these thoughts: humility when we win, modesty when we are proved right," he said.
"If we speak with passion, let it always be tempered by compassion. We must be a party for all Britain and all Britons: first and second generation as much as every other. Our strength must lie in our breadth. If we stay true to that there is nothing that we cannot achieve. Nothing we cannot achieve in Essex and East Anglia, in England and the whole country beyond."
Ukip's next target is Rochester and Strood, where Carswell's fellow defector Mark Reckless is hoping to return to Parliament. "In Rochester as in Clacton I believe voters will reject negative campaigns by old party machines," Carswell said.
Tory minister Priti Patel, who is an Essex MP, told Sky that at May's general election people would not vote for "alternative political parties" that "tap into your fears" and dismissed the suggestion of a pact with Ukip.
She said: "The reality is we as a party have to look at this election now and take some lessons and learnings from that, but at the same time as we head into the general election, that election campaign will be about the big issues of the day: who governs our country, who do you want as your prime minister and not about voting for alternative political parties that may actually just tap into your fears, anxieties or concerns on particular issues but don't necessarily have the policy solutions to those issues."Suggest a correction