LIFESTYLE

Sugary Drinks May Speed Up The Ageing Process As Much As Smoking

17/10/2014 10:47 BST | Updated 17/10/2014 10:59 BST

Drinking sugary soft drinks could speed up biological ageing as much as smoking, according to a recent study.

The findings, from an analysis of thousands of DNA samples, suggested that sweet fizzy drinks had worse effects on health than merely promoting obesity.

They may actually speed up the rate at which cells age - although scientists could not confirm that the effect was causal.

fizzy drinks

The study focused on telomeres, protective caps on the ends of the chromosomes that provide a measure of biological ageing.

Telomeres shorten with age, and short telomeres are associated with chronic problems of ageing such as heart disease, diabetes and some types of cancer.

The researchers found that people who regularly drank sugar-sweetened fizzy drinks - or sodas - had significantly shorter telomeres than those who did not.

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Professor Elissa Epel, a member of the US team from the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF), said: "Regular consumption of sugar-sweetened sodas might influence disease development, not only by straining the body's metabolic control of sugars, but also through accelerated cellular ageing of tissues.

"This is the first demonstration that soda is associated with telomere shortness.

"This finding held regardless of age, race, income and education level.

"Telomere shortening starts long before disease onset.

"Further, although we only studied adults here, it is possible that soda consumption is associated with telomere shortening in children, as well."

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Soda Health Risks

The scientists measured telomeres in the white blood cells of 5,309 participants aged 20 to 65 with no history of diabetes or heart disease.

Consumption of 20 fluid ounces of soda a day - equivalent to about two cans of cola - was associated with 4.6 years of additional biological ageing, based on telomere shortening.

More than a fifth of the participants fell into this category.

The effect on telomere length was similar to that of smoking, the researchers said.

The findings appear in the American Journal of Public Health.

Co-author Dr Cindy Leung, also from the UCSF, said: "It is critical to understand both dietary factors that may shorten telomeres, as well as dietary factors that may lengthen telomeres.

"Here it appeared that the only beverage consumption that had a measurable negative association with telomere length was consumption of sugared soda."

The study showed that each daily eight-ounce serving of sugary drinks was associated with telomere shortening equivalent to 1.9 additional years of ageing.

For a daily 20-ounce serving, this translated into roughly 4.6 additional years.