We're being inundated with articles these days on the benefits of correct posture and how to achieve it, but nothing makes you tense up more than trying to adopt a "correct" posture and trying to be "right". Throw away the idea of an idealised posture that you need to maintain, it's not the solution for avoiding or overcoming your aches and pains. Natural posture is a loose and dynamic activity. It has been said that your best posture is your next posture, so don't hold on to it. In fact, do away with the word posture altogether and replace it with the word poise, it will get you in a better frame of mind to find the quality you're after. Posture is a shape, poise is a quality, a state of mind.
After millions of years of evolution you can rest assured that your postural reflexes work well enough if you don't interfere with them. You could say good posture is simply a lack of bad posture. Although good and bad are such judgemental words. You either have poise or you don't.
The skeleton is an inherently unstable structure, our bones are not like a block of bricks stacked one atop another that hold us up. Left on it's own the skeleton simply collapses, it's our postural muscles that keep us up, not the skeleton. It's a bit like a tent (bare with me), it's not the tent poles that keep the tent up but the guy ropes. Well, they work together obviously but you get the point. And if you fancy having a deeper academic look into that idea have a look at tensegrity (a portmanteau of 'tension + integrity' created by renowned inventor Buckminster Fuller), which NASA are now studying to help with robotics.
Standing is basically a balancing act, and anything that's balancing needs to be able to readjust, to move. So standing is a movement activity. As is sitting for that matter. If there's no movement it's at rest rather than being balanced, and this is only possible when lying, reclining or collapsing. Standing is no less dynamic than walking, running or jumping, it's just more subtle. When going from standing to walking, for example, you go from movement to movement.
Image used with permission by depositphotos.com
Ironically we gain our stability through our inherent instability, which probably sounds counter-intuitive. In what a client of mine called an unstable equilibrium, our ability to keep readjusting in gravity is like a willow tree bending in the wind. A problem I see regularly with older clients is that their fear of falling increases their chance of falling as they tighten up to erroneously find stability. It's like trying to stand a pencil on its end. And I think one factor that makes sitting harder for many is the reduction in instability as the legs are taken out of the equation.
So what interferes with your postural reflexes? Lifestyle and habit. We have an organism that's evolved for an environment that most of us in the West haven't seen for centuries. We slap ourselves on our collective backs for being so clever in creating this modern environment but we never got round to learning how to deal with it. I'm not saying for a moment we need to give that up, but we do need to be more mindful of how we interact with it and recognise the power that our habituated responses to it may lead us astray. There's no strength training required, it's about coordination and awareness. Understanding how the head balances on the spine is a good place to start which I've written about previously. As is improving your spacial awareness and being mentally out and engaged with your environment, and not narrowing your attention.
A common suggestion, and a real bugbear of mine, is to imagine a thread or balloon attached to your head, and I have one thing to say about that, just don't! It tends to cause you to "try" and "do" which always implies additional effort. If you're really wedded to the use imagery a sense of renewed up flow such as a fountain of water buoying your head in a light and lively manner is closer to the quality of poise. A marshalling of your energies upwards along your spine. But ultimately any use of imagery is an affectation, artificial and not the real deal.
This is, in my opinion, why wearable tech, despite being popularly crowd funded , doesn't work. They don't aim to improve poise, only posture. And from the real life reviews I've seen people find this unhelpful and distracting.
You may have noticed that I haven't provided a picture of correct posture, that's on purpose so as not to encourage you to maintain it. Lose the idea of a correct posture, it's too rigid and encourages stiffness. If you want to work on your posture, don't strengthen your muscles, strengthen the agility of your thinking in activity. Be all poise, no pose.
"Poise the Soul and the whole muscular system is in action to poise the body"
Moses True Brown, 1886
This blog was originally posted here.
The Alexander Technique has been clinically proven for back pain via an NHS funded, gold standard randomised trial. It was performed by Southampton University and their results were published in the British Medical Journal.
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World wide resource for the Society of Teachers of The Alexander Technique: www.alexandertechnique.co.uk