Persistent gender bias also explains the low proportions of women in the highest echelons of science and technology. A particularly damaging stereotype is the 'maternal wall', which stems from expectations that a woman's job performance will be affected by her taking time off to have children, or absences from work to take care of her family.
We'd like to do a lot more to beat this crisis but we also want to stop future generations being devastated by drought. Around 70% of Africa's people depend on smallholder agriculture for a living and they produce the bulk of the continent's food. We have to find a way to help them survive major crisis - come rain or shine.
Africa is monolithic to people on this side of the world only out of convenience, maybe fear, lack of information in mainstream media or our prevailing sloppy attitude to language. Only imagine that once we start breaking the continent into individual countries, it will open the flood gates of unknown knowledge that for some may be beautifully eye-opening and for others painfully petrifying.
The Malawi Government desperately needs money to tackle poverty. Yet a 1955 tax treaty with the UK is tying their hands and making it nearly impossible to collect tax from UK companies operating there. The tax treaty is so old that it was signed by the British Governor on behalf of the British colonies of Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
From my experience, these billionaires will be well informed individuals who donate substantial sums to charity every year. I have nothing but admiration for what many of them have achieved, but goodness I would like to get them on a coach and take them on a magical mystery tour, sharing some of the sights I have witnessed in Africa.
The international response to what took place and what continues to take place is both a travesty and injustice. Hundreds of thousands of Innocent men, women and children fled to neighbouring countries such as Chad and Cameroon but more than 600,000 people remain displaced inside the country with many trapped inside enclaves they cannot escape.
Ultimately, Africa's great vulnerability to the effects of climate change demands a multi-stakeholder response. Given their financial resources and scale, private sector companies can be vital partners to African countries by scaling up investment in renewable energy, boosting climate finance, and decarbonising their own operations.
With borders a constant flashpoint, International Alert undertook research on the needs of women cross-border traders in Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The women identified the lack of storage for their fresh produce as a major problem. As a result, the World Bank is now building a cold storage there.