What the hell is that? Scientists ask this question every day when trying to work out how different living things are related to each other. The answers aren't easy or trivial. Biological affiliations are used not just to build a catalogue of life but also to understand how life has evolved into its many forms
It is not so much the big innovations that improve life as the countless incremental improvements in quality and usability of products and services. The motor car has continually become safer, more connected and more fuel efficient over the years. We currently have significant problems with pollution, traffic accidents and congestion.
Technology hasn't created a fully integrated and optimised human operating system yet. So we must work with the one we have, which is pretty incredible by the way! We have to learn how our brains and bodies work so we can optimise them ourselves. It's a tough challenge that I've spent years trying to work out, and by no means have it mastered.
Evolutionary theory would be compatible with altruism if we could expect the same in return. One monkey picks the parasites from the back of his monkey friend, then his monkey friend returns the favor. But it is hard to see how the 'you scratch my back, I'll scratch yours' gene could ever gain dominance in the first place.
Across many universities beside York, from St. Andrews to Chester, university Christian Unions are known for their regular acts of goodwill and their members' enthusiasm. 'Grilling a Christian' is not the first time that the University of York's Christian Union has hosted an atypical event on campus and it won't be the last.