The number of children on the route to the US keeps on growing. Nine per cent of the patients treated by MSF in south and central Mexico are minors. "Kids typically come with their families - normally they are not alone," says MSF psychologist Miguel Gil. "They live it in another way, they have a clearer perspective of time than adults, and they learn the route and the places by heart."
The afternoon sun is beating down on the mountain town of Copan Ruinas in central Honduras. We are a short drive away from San Pedro Sula, a city with one of the highest homicide rates in the world. Gang warfare has divided the city for years, but the violence has steadily increased since the 2009 military coup when the Honduran Army overthrew President Manuel Zelaya.
My mum always taught me that as women we need to fight for our rights and I have personally had to argue and battle against injustices big and small on an obscenely regular basis... But my everyday sexism, my healthy angry passion for equality, was shaken up beyond belief when a few months ago I visited Honduras.
In most countries in Latin America, with the exception of Argentina, there is no legislation explicitly recognizing or mentioning transgender identity, thereby rendering them invisible and denying them legal and civic status. Additionally, public health care institutions are not usually accessible to such women and do not cater for their needs.
The Miskito people of Honduras's legendary Mosquito Coast aren't being endangered by any infectious outbreak. They are being killed and left paralysed in their thousands because of the demand for affordable luxury in the US and Europe. Ever since multinational seafood suppliers started exporting Caribbean spiny lobster on an industrial scale, lobsters disappeared from the shallows. The divers now plunge as deep as 150ft, 12-15 times in day, scrambling on the sea bed for their catch with basic and often faulty equipment. With no air or depth gauge, they have no way of knowing how far they are diving, and can only tell if their tank is running low when it becomes difficult to breathe.