Pablo Picasso was a Spanish painter and the most famous and influential artist of the 20th Century. He was also a sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer. He co-founded Cubism, an early-20th-century avant-garde art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, inspired related movements in music, literature and architecture and is widley considered the most influential art movement of the century. His most famous works are Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), and Guernica (1937), a portrayal of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. He was born on 25 October 1881 and died on 8 April 1973.