William Shakespeare is the most famous playwright in the world and is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language. Also known as ‘The Bard’, the Englishman’s most famous plays are Romeo & Juliet, Macbeth, Hamlet, Othello and Much Ado About Nothing. He is also famous for poetry, particularly love sonnets. His surviving works consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets and two long narrative poems.
Shakespeare was born on 26 April 1564 and died on 23 April 1616. He was brought up in Stratford-upon-Avon. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway and had 3 children. Between 1585 and 1592, he worked in London as a successful actor, writer, and part owner of a playing company known as the King’s Men. Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613.
Respected in his lifetime, Shakespeare reputation as one of the greatest ever writers in history wasn’t cemented until the 19th Century. The Romantics adored Shakespeare, and the Victorians worshipped him. Today, his plays remain as popular as ever and his work is studied and performed around the world.