Global warming isn't the fictional bogey man many once thought it to be and its effects go way beyond marooning polar bears on melting icebergs. The methane (noisily) produced by livestock is 20 times more deleterious as a greenhouse gas than C02, which makes meat production the second most damaging source of greenhouse gases in the world.
I play devil's advocate here only to drive home the point: we need biological manipulation to make sport a spectacle. In fact, I will rephrase that: sport IS biological manipulation. The more pertinent question is to what extent is biological manipulation fair? And can we justify accepting certain forms but not others?
For countless years the female of the species has been under enormous pressure about her appearance, and the struggle only appears to have got worse in recent years. It appears that the contagion of body image insecurity that has historically afflicted women is beginning to infect men. Last year Central YMCA collaborated with the Centre for Appearance Research and the Succeed Foundation to undertake a major piece of research to better understand men's attitudes to their appearance.