In countries where tipping is not the norm, the general understanding is that tipping is a reward for those who go above-and-beyond to offer a top-quality service. However, the Japanese, for example, suggest that the employer is paying good money for their staff to do precisely that - and surely that work ethic cannot be faulted.
Today, the UK economy is in a lot better shape. Growth of 3.2% in the year to July - the strongest in the G10 - and the fears that to hold off on rate rises would create potential for dangerous bubbles in credit markets have been enough to move the votes of Martin Weale and Ian McCafferty to vote for a 25bps increase.
The election itself will inevitably focus on issues that matter most to voters - from jobs and housing to wages and welfare. But it is less well recognised that the election in 2015 will be determined primarily in our urban areas, and that the fortunes of each of the major political parties depend upon how they perform in, and help support, UK cities.