Toby Cadman
Toby is an established international criminal law specialist in the areas of war crimes, terrorism, extradition, prison law, mutual assistance and human rights law. He lectures extensively on international humanitarian law, criminal procedure and human rights law and has provided extensive advice and training to judges, prosecutors and defence lawyers throughout the Balkans and Southeast Asia.

As an extradition specialist Toby acts for the prosecution and defence advising and representing individuals, requesting judicial authorities and governments in extradition proceedings both at first instance hearings and on appeal in the Higher Courts.

He is currently developing public international law practice that involves human rights work, prison law and judicial review. He currently instructs in a number of matters before the Administrative Court of England and Wales, the European Court of Human Rights and the UN Special Procedures Branch.

Toby is an experienced advisor on judicial reform, legislative drafting and institution building in Bahrain, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burma (Myanmar), Montenegro, and Syria.

He also acts for a number of clients in pro-bono matters in foreign jurisdictions, in particular concerning British nationals convicted abroad.

Toby currently serves as a Partner at Omnia Strategy LLP and an international law firm based in London and Washington and is the founder of the International Forum for Democracy and Human Rights, a body that works with foreign governments, law enforcement agencies, international organisations, corporations and private individuals to develop professional and transparent institutions that protect human rights, combat corruption, and reduce the threat of transborder and transnational crime and terrorism.

Entries by Toby Cadman

'It's Your Turn, Doctor': Medics Under Fire in Syria

(1) Comments | Posted 2 June 2016 | (23:55)

'It's your turn, Doctor'. These were the words that initiated one of the cruellest conflicts in the recent history of the Middle East, the War in Syria.

A group of seven teenagers in the Syrian town of Dara'a, inspired by the winds of freedom and democracy blowing from the...

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Universal Jurisdiction and the Americanization of International Law? A Flawed Argument

(0) Comments | Posted 1 June 2016 | (23:51)

In 1648 the Treaty of Westphalia put and end to the 'Thirty Years' War and to the long-lasting religious confrontation between Catholics and Protestants in Europe. This treaty, guided by the principle "whose realm, his religion", permitted Princes to determine the religion of their lands without interference of external powers,...

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Secularism, Freedom of Expression and Radicalisation: The Killing of Bloggers in Bangladesh

(0) Comments | Posted 16 May 2016 | (06:13)

Bangladesh became a Nation-State in 1971, having achieved its full independence from Pakistan. The year 1972 constituted one of the brightest chapters of the country's history. It represented the birth of a new nation, the beginning of a new hope for its citizens. In this context, the first constitution of...

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When the End Justifies the Means: The Execution of Motiur Rahman Nizami

(4) Comments | Posted 12 May 2016 | (18:13)

Legend tells that in 333 BC, while wintering at Gordium, Alexander the Great disentangled an impossible knot. The prophecy told that the man to untie that knot would become king of the land. At first, Alexander the Great attempted to unbind the Gordian knot, but frustrated by the difficulty of...

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The Golden Thread of Justice: The Bangladesh International Crimes Tribunal

(7) Comments | Posted 26 February 2016 | (15:22)

On 2 November 2014, the Bangladesh International Crimes Tribunal convicted and condemned Mir Quasem Ali to "be hanged by the neck till he is dead, under section 20(2) of the International Crimes (Tribunals) Act, 1973". I say that he was convicted and sentenced omitting intentionally that he was 'tried' as...

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A Cloud of Despondency

(0) Comments | Posted 7 February 2016 | (10:47)

By Toby M. Cadman and Carl Buckley

On 5 February 2016 the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention ruled on a Communication filed on behalf of the exiled Editor-in-Chief of Wikileaks. It ruled that since his arrest on 7 December 2010 he had been held arbitrarily. The Working...

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Pressuring the Defendants' Families: A New Barrier to be Broken in Bangladesh

(0) Comments | Posted 16 December 2015 | (14:04)

Ali Ahsan Muhammad Mujahid was executed on 22nd November 2015. He was found guilty of 'international crimes' in what can only be seen as a hopelessly flawed trial, before the International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh (ICT). The verdict and the subsequent confirmation of the death sentence by the Supreme Court...

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The Failure to Uphold Proper Standards of Justice Will Cost Bangladesh's Apparent Commitment to Ending Impunity and Upholding the Rule of Law Dearly

(0) Comments | Posted 20 November 2015 | (08:48)

The commitment to ending impunity and holding those persons accountable who committed the gravest of international crimes is truly admirable. This is a process that the international community should support wholeheartedly. However, the Bangladesh experience is a stark reminder of the dangers of retributive justice and political manipulation of a...

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Emperor El-Sisi's New Clothes

(0) Comments | Posted 2 June 2015 | (13:12)

Abdel Fatah Said Husein Jalil El-Sisi could be the main character of the real-life 21st century version of the traditional tale "The Emperor's New Clothes". Despite the obvious similarities between his surname and the alias of one of the most famous Austrian empresses, his imperial character does not derive from...

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Between the Scylla of Impunity and Charybdis of Show Trials: The Pursuit of Justice and Accountability in Bangladesh

(0) Comments | Posted 4 May 2015 | (21:16)

In Book XII of Homer's Odyssey, the Goddess Circe prevents Ulysses from the dangers he would face in his future trip: "when your crew have taken you past these Sirens" -she said- "I cannot give you coherent directions as to which of two courses you are to take".


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Egyptian Coup Leaders to Face Justice in the UK

(0) Comments | Posted 30 November 2014 | (23:22)

The intent upon which the law of Universal Jurisdiction in the United Kingdom was developed was to ensure that those persons committing international crimes such as torture, war crimes and crimes against humanity, those crimes that have attained the status of jus cogens, in foreign jurisdictions couldn't escape justice, simply...

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The Downing Street Review on the Muslim Brotherhood

(0) Comments | Posted 27 October 2014 | (09:30)

The Sunday Telegraph published two articles on 19 October 2014, both of which are curious. Curious given their timing and odd given their content.

The first article entitled 'Downing Street to crack down on the Muslim Brotherhood' at first glance appears to suggest that there has been some sort of...

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Law, War and Human Rights

(0) Comments | Posted 22 July 2014 | (22:49)

The use of torture and extra-judicial rendition is an affront to the rule of law. No State built on democratic principles and with that, the rule of law, should allow such a practice to remain unpunished. Organs of the State that have resorted to 'black op' tactics to target terrorism...

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Bangladesh's Contribution to International Criminal Justice

(0) Comments | Posted 21 July 2014 | (22:41)

It is important that the principles of international criminal justice be recognized and supported. The official 'Day of International Criminal Justice' is held annually on 17 July to mark the anniversary of the date of the adoption of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and to recognize the...

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Why I'm Taking the Bangladesh Prime Minister to the International Criminal Court

(0) Comments | Posted 23 March 2014 | (16:34)

On 4 February 2014, a 'Communication' was filed with the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court ("ICC") in The Hague to open a preliminary inquiry into the situation in the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The Attorney General of Bangladesh, Mahbubey Alam, responded that there was no...

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Bangladesh and a Government in Denial

(0) Comments | Posted 9 December 2013 | (09:07)

It is now clear that Bangladesh is mired in an intractable political crisis. The main opposition party, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), has boycotted next month's general election. Now, in a devastating blow to Sheikh Hasina and her Awami League Party, their ruling collation partners in the Jatiya Party have...

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Bangladeshis Must Not Be Silenced by Their Government

(164) Comments | Posted 8 February 2013 | (14:22)

A government should always be held to account, which is why Khaleda Zia, leader of the main political opposition in Bangladesh, wrote an article in an American newspaper last week highlighting the threat to democracy in Bangladesh under prime minister Sheikh Hasina and her Awami League government. Only...

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