The Islington MP, elected with the backing of 59% of party members earlier this month, overall scored -3% among voters who were quizzed on their reaction to his performance so far.
Published on Thursday, the Ipsos MORI survey revealed 33% of voters were satisfied with Corbyn, while 36% were not.
He bagged a dramatically lower net figure than his predecessor Ed Miliband (19% in 2010), and was even trumped by 1980's Labour leader Michael Foot (2%).
Commenting, MORI's head of political research, Gideon Skinner, said that while the results showed Corbyn was a frontrunner on some counts, Cameron led on "key Prime Ministerial attributes".
“Jeremy Corbyn’s appeal as a different type of politician is clear – the best ratings on honesty, a stronger personality than Ed Miliband, and he's seen to be leading a party concerned about those most in need," Skinner said.
"But David Cameron still dominates on key Prime Ministerial attributes such as being capable and good in a crisis, and the sharp rise in perceptions of Labour as divided should worry the party.”