The 300 posters are from the archives of the London Transport Museum and date from 1913 to 1955. They are expected to fetch between £800 and £15,000 each.
Christie's director Nicolette Tomkinson said: “Christie’s is privileged to have been entrusted with the London Transport Museum sale of duplicates, featuring some of the most recognizable and sought-after designs in the history of vintage posters, in pristine condition.
The lesser-spotted underground flamingo
"We hope... it will provide insight into the often forgotten rich artistic past of the London Underground.”
The auction will be held on October 4.
Man Ray, Fred Taylor, Austin Cooper, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy and Julius Klinger are just some of the artists who have designed posters for the London Underground.
In 2007 a Man Ray poster for London Transport sold for £50,400, the most ever paid for a travel poster, the Evening Standard reported.