A package of "family-friendly" policies will feature in the Queen's Speech today as the coalition Government steps up its bid to recover from a catalogue of problems and a local election mauling.
More flexible leave for parents, speedier adoptions, better help for special needs pupils and improved access arrangements for divorced fathers will all be included in a wide-ranging Bill, Downing Street sources indicated.
The unveiling of legislative plans for the coming year is a key part of an attempted government relaunch amid bleak economic news and backbench pressure for a change of course.
David Cameron and Nick Clegg defended the two-year-old power-sharing deal yesterday - insisting it was more important than ever in the fight to cut the state deficit and balance the country's books.
But they were accused by Labour leader Ed Miliband of continuing to put the interests of the rich before ordinary voters and of presiding over a "crisis" of public faith in politics amid poor turnout at the polls last week.
Among measures expected to feature prominently in the programme to be formally revealed by the Queen are binding votes for shareholders on executive pay - bolstering a growing revolt against boardroom excess.
Public sector pension reform and efforts to slash business red tape are anticipated as part of what the Prime Minister said remained a clear focus on cutting debt and stimulating growth.
Energy market regulation, the creation of a National Crime Agency, tougher regulation of supermarkets and a new ban on driving while under the influence of drugs are all expected.
And there will detailed plans for the splitting up of banks to avert a repeat of the 2008 crash.
But the Government will also signal its intent to press ahead with reform of the House of Lords - a key Liberal Democrat demand but the focus for anger among many Tory MPs, including senior figures.
They complain that with the UK back in recession it is "barmy" to devote parliamentary time to a constitutional shake-up and are threatening a full-scale rebellion.
In an "alternative Queen's Speech" published at the weekend, they urged Mr Cameron to prioritise instead issues such as more grammar schools, an EU referendum, a Bill of Rights and tax cuts.
Mr Cameron insisted a move to directly elected peers was a "perfectly sensible" decision and Mr Clegg said there was no reason not to do so alongside higher-priority issues.
A Number 10 source said the inclusion of a Bill covering a range of family policies would demonstrate that the premier was "passionate" about giving children a good start in life.
Among its provisions will be ending what Mr Cameron calls "absurd" barriers to mixed-race adoptions by making speed a more important factor than race in the process.
It will also confirm the intention to consult on changing the law to give divorced fathers better access to their children - despite an official review recommending it should not happen.
Care proceedings in court will also be subjected to a time limit of six months and the system of providing support for special needs pupils speeded up and simplified.
And there will be moves to provide access to "flexible parental leave" - reported to include the chance for new mothers to transfer more of their maternity leave to fathers.
"Dealing with the deficit and getting the economy growing remains the coalition's number one priority," the source said.
"But we're also grappling with some long-term issues around adoption, the care system, and children with disabilities, to make life better for some of the most vulnerable children in society. The PM is passionate about making sure that these children get the best start in life that they can, and this Bill will help us to do that."
A Labour Party spokesman said: "No relaunch is going to persuade Britain's families that this Government is on their side.
"There is nothing family friendly about a Tory-led Government that has delivered record female unemployment, stripped back Sure Start and, and taken away childcare support for thousands of families."
Mr Cameron used an interview with the Daily Mail to urge restive Tory MPs not to wreck the coalition - insisting he shared their frustrations with the restrictions imposed by sharing power with the Lib Dems.
Human rights law, reform of workplace rights and support for marriage were all on a "growing list of things that I want to do but can't", he said.
In a message to those demanding a refocus on traditional Conservative policies, he said: "I completely understand your frustrations, but let's be clear: we've taken on some areas like reforming student finance, reforming public sector pensions, freezing public sector pay.
"These are things that previous Conservative governments weren't able to do.
"Hell, I even vetoed an EU treaty. So I would say to Conservatives, I know it's frustrating. I share your frustration. I want a Conservative-only government.
"But don't let's waste the chance we have now to help get this country out of the mess it was left in. We have got the mandate and the policies and the team to do it.
A run-down of the new Bills expected:
Conservative MP George Eustice has told the BBC that the problem with Labour was its "hyper-active legislation"
"They spent ages bringing in bills that were badly thought through sand then they needed to use sessions to undo what they’d done and reverse the mistakes they’d made," he said.
“I think this government had a full session, a very long session – two years – some very big pieces of legislation went though, and I actually think it’s right that you don’t just jam the programme with endless legislation for the sake of it.”
The government has been accused of quietly rowing back on political reform by omitting plans to introduce the power to recall MPs mid-term from the Queen's Speech.
"So where was the promised Recall Bill in the Queen's speech? How can Government expect to 'rebuild trust' if it so casually drops key promises?" he said.
|@ ChrisMasonBBC : David Cameron dismisses lack of bill on lobbying in the Queen's Speech, saying there will be another Queen's Speech next year.|
The Prime Minister has mounted a robust defence of his government in the House Of Commons.
"This is a government that confronts the long-term challenges that we face, and that is what our country needs. A government that rolls up its sleeves to deal with the deficit, not an Opposition that thinks you can borrow your way out of debt."
"A Coalition government that is determined to unleash the private sector, spread growth around our country, sort out our financial services. Not a Labour one that bloated the public sector, sat back while an unregulated banking sector brought our country to its knees."
"A government that is backing hard-working people, not an Opposition that says it’s on their side but refuses to make work pay, refuses to cap welfare and wants to heave debts onto our children."
"This is a government that is taking the tough decisions to help families who work hard and do the right thing. Acting for the long term, governing in the national interest, this is a Queen’s speech to rebuild Britain, and I commend it to the House."
|@ GrahamJones_MP : Cameron dying on his feet talking about the Queens Speech. Uninspiring. Punch drunk from the omnishambles.|
After seeming to fall asleep during a Budget statement by George Osborne, is Ken Clarke in danger of doing the same as Cameron speaks?
|@ EmilyThornberry : Cameron rambles on and his backbenchers look bored and switch off. The Lord Chancellor has dropped off.|
|@ GwynneMP : The PM's response to the Queen's speech debate is waffle. Ed M is obviously still buzzing from the elections. He was at his very best today!|
|@ ChiOnwurah : @Ed_Miliband really nailed the emptiness of a Queen's Speech which doesn't mention jobs & does nothing to create them|
"It is about a government taking the tough long-term decisions to restore our country to strength, dealing with the deficit, rebalancing the economy and rewarding people who do the right thing."
Speaking in Parliament, the Prime Minister has defended proposals that have caused controversy for their apparent invasiveness.
“What we are trying to do here is not look at the content of people’s telephone calls, but just to update the measures for finding out who called who and when
“I say to people, of course let’s look at the detail, but I don’t want to be the Prime Minister standing at this despatch box saying ‘we could have done more on terrorism’.”
|@ IanDunt : Miliband wants Nadine Dorries on the government's remuneration committee http://t.co/y9vH2Nro #QueensSpeech|
|@ NadineDorriesMP : Office staff turned up volume for tradit aside by Dennis Skinner. He was as loud with his own Gov! We have G8 personalities on both sides|
Speaking in Parliament, Malcolm Bruce added "However, I recognise that legislation is not required to meet that commitment".
|@ SallyBercow : @claire4devizes what is a disgrace is that tweet. Horrible thing to say about anyone. And why have Tories got it in 4 old people?|
|@ adrianmasters84 : Response from Shadow Welsh Sec @PeterHain to Queen's speech: 'no change, no hope - that's the message of this queens speech'|
Business Secretary Vince Cable has told the BBC that reform of the House of Lords should not distract Parliament from the "bread and butter issue" of the economy.
“The underlying narrative is of getting past this enormous economic crisis we’ve had, the collapse of the banking system and getting back to growth and job creation. It’s going to be very, very difficult. But the legislation we’re bringing in will underpin that.
“It should not take time because all the major parties agree in principle…a bit of common sense and it should go through very quickly, without a great deal of fuss.
“I want us to spend time on the bread and butter issues. Supporting business, supporting growth, that’s where the emphasis has got to be…
|@ meaglemp : Queen's Speech shows Govt has run out of ideas - after just two years. Nothing to restore fairness. Nothing to solve economic crisis. #tired|
For those of you who missed it, here is the video of Queen Elizabeth II's speech to MPs and Lords
Gary Smith, the GMB's National Secretary for Commercial Services, says the Government’s plan to introduce more competition in the water industry is "completely the wrong approach and out of step with what the vast majority of the public want."
Labour's Shadow Justice Secretary Sadiq Khan has attacked the coalition for failing to do enough on Lords reform in the Queen's Speech.“There is no mention here of a referendum. The Government must make
clear it is ready to trust the people.“The 15 words in the Queen’s Speech dedicated to reform of the House
of Lords leaves big questions unanswered.“It’s not clear if Lords reform remains a priority for the Government. It's not clear how they plan to reform the composition of the House of
Lords.“After almost two years, this demonstrates the incompetence of this Tory-led Government. Lords reform was heavily trailed as the centre piece of the Queen’s Speech but they still don’t have a clue about
what they intend to do about it.”
|@ ZacGoldsmith : So where was the promised Recall Bill in the Queen's speech? How can Govt expect to 'rebuild trust' if it so casually drops key promises?|
|@ claire4devizes : Dennis Skinner is a total disgrace. Charmless, friendless and clueless. We weren't laughing, we were suggesting he, err, move on.|
Talking to Sky News, Baroness Warsi notably avoided mentioning election as a way of reforming the House of Lords.
"Let's see what the Bill looks like," she said
“If you speak to members of the House of Lords and I do so almost every day, the kind of things that will come up is they think that the House of Lords is too big, members will accept that it needs to be smaller. Members accept that maybe there needs to be some discussion around retirement ages.
“I look forward to seeing what the Bill looks like but what I am convinced about is that there are issues which can be looked at in terms of Lords reform like the size of it, like age, like the expulsion of members who serve a prison sentence for example.”
The shadow Justice Secretary says:
“There is no mention here of a referendum. The Government must make clear it is ready to trust the people.
“The 15 words in the Queen’s Speech dedicated to reform of the House of Lords leaves big questions unanswered.
“It’s not clear if Lords reform remains a priority for the Government. It's not clear how they plan to reform the composition of the House of Lords.
“After almost two years, this demonstrates the incompetence of this Tory-led Government. Lords reform was heavily trailed as the centre piece of the Queen’s Speech but they still don’t have a clue about what they intend to do about it.”
Speaking to the BBC, Labour MP Stephen Twigg attacked the Government for failing to address the real concerns of the country in the Queen's Speech.
“There’s very little in it. There’s very little that meets the real concerns of the public as expressed last Friday. We don’t know the detail really. We know the headlines, but we haven’t got anything that addresses the jobs crisis.
"We haven’t got anything that seriously addresses living standards. If I was a mum or dad at home watching this, just had my tax credits cut, there’s not a lot in it for me. If I was one of the young people unemployed for over a year, there’s not a lot in there for me.
“The reality is that we’re in a double-dip recession where the economy isn’t growing and we have over one million young people unemployed. I’m not convinced that anything that’s in there is actually going to address that crisis.”
Petra Wilton, of the Chartered Management Institute, has said that the agenda announced in the Queen's Speech will transform management and bring lasting change, if correctly implemented.
"These welcome measures should provide greater freedom for managers and leaders to create working environments that can fully engage employees and help drive UK economic growth" she added
Chris Keates, general secretary of the NASUWT, has described the coalition's legislative programme as "riddled with attacks on working people."
“Despite the rhetoric, this is not a good parliamentary programme for children and families.
“The programme is riddled with attacks on working people who have children and families.
“Making it easier to sack people creates further massive insecurity for millions of ordinary working families and does nothing to create jobs or secure economic recovery.
“This parliamentary programme is the vehicle for bringing an end to the right of ordinary working people to a decent occupational pension.
“This programme is a continuation of the Tory ideological reform agenda for which grass roots Liberal Democrats are paying an increasingly high price.”
Simon Walker, from the Institute for Directors, says the government needs to back up its words in the Queen's Speech.
"“The Government is right to place deficit reduction and economic stability at the forefront of their programme. However, we need to see them pursued enthusiastically in practice, not just in principle. To restore business confidence, which is the real key to growth, there must be drastic measures to cut costly regulation and continue to tackle the deficit. Tweaking the edges of the system will not be enough – it’s not the number of Bills that matters, it’s what is in them that really counts.”"