Nokia has fallen out of the top five smartphone makers in the world for the first time since in almost a decade.

The Finnish company, which once led the world in mobile phones, has struggled in recent years to catch up to Apple's market-defined iPhone and global leader Samsung.

While its Lumia range of Windows Phone devices have won plaudits for design, they have not sold in high enough numbers.

And now according to the IDC quarterly tracking survey, they're out of the top five altogether.

Previously they had appeared in the top five every year since the survey began in 2004.

Their place was taken by RIM, who make BlackBerry devices but who are also facing huge problems in launching their delayed next-generation operating system, BB10.

The figures show that Samsung led the smartphone market with 31.3% global share, followed by Apple (15%), RIM (4.3%), ZTE (4.2%) and HTC (4%).

Only Samsung, Apple and ZTE grew their market share last year, however, with RIM dropping from 9.6% a year ago to 4.3% in the third quarter of 2012.

Globally more than 179.7 million smartphones were shipped in the third quarter, compared to 123.7 million a year ago.

Nokia still made it to number two on the global mobile phone vendors list - which includes feature phones - with a 24.5% share.

But the relative failure to break through into the smartphone market is still a concern to analysts.

"Nokia's share losses have meant gains for competitors," said Kevin Restivo, senior research analyst with IDC's Worldwide Quarterly Mobile Phone Tracker.

"The company's transition away from Symbian-powered smartphones to ones shipped with Windows Phone has left ample opportunity for rivals to steal share away from Nokia over the past 18 months. However, the smartphone market is still relatively nascent, which means there's room for multiple vendors and operating systems to flourish, including Nokia."

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  • Nokia 1011 (1992)

    Named after 10 November, the date it launched, this was among the world's first GSM mobile phones. Oddly enough, you could receive text messages but not send them.

  • Nokia 2110 (1994)

    The 2110 featured a 99-number phonebook, and a two-way scrolling control which meant you could actually navigate them. It was also the first phone with the signature 'Nokia' ringtone. You know the one... It was based on Gran Vals, a guitar piece by the 19th century Spanish composer Francisco Tarrega. Over time it was also highly annoying.

  • Nokia 8110 (1996)

    The Nokia 8110 was the first slider phone and was featured in the Matrix, resulting in a generation of slick idiots pretending to be Neo when picking up calls from their mum.

  • Nokia 9000 Communicator (1996)

    Nokia claims that was the 'world's first smartphone'. That might be pushing it - but it certainly pushed the boundaries. It had a full QWERTY keyboard, a 24 MHz i386 CPU, could be used horizontally or vertically, and could send a variety of messages - including faxes.

  • Nokia 5110 (1998)

    The 5510 was one of the first phones with a replaceable cover - and also one of the first to feature Snake. Which, kids, was a game in the olden days which drove. Us. Mad.

  • Nokia 7650 (2002)

    The 7650 was promoted in conjunction with the film Minority Report, but was actually fairly futuristic for its time. Beyond its experimental looks, it came with Nokia's first full colour screen and a built-in camera. This phone made Nokia the largest manufacturer of digital cameras in the world, the company claims.

  • Nokia 7600 (2003)

    The notoriously awkward, and now notoriously awesome 7600 featured a teardrop design, and a fabulously difficult to use interface.

  • Nokia 1100 (2003)

    The 1100 is one of the best-selling consumer devices ever made - 250 million have been shipped worldwide, largely in the developing world, due to its sustainable design, cheap price and built-in flashlight and radio.

  • Nokia 7280 (2004)

    Alongside the 7600, the 7280 is one of the weirdest phones ever produced. It featured a screen that faded to a mirror when it was inactive and used a Navi-spinner in the place of a keypad.

  • Nokia N93

    Just look at it.

  • Nokia 8800 (2005)

    The 8800 was a self-consciously premium device which featured a brushed-metal body, fine-pitch glass and ball-bearings in the slider. You probably weren't able to afford one.

  • Nokia Lumia 800 (2011)

    The Lumia 800 and 900 are Nokia's flagship Windows Phone 7 devices. They've since shared a gold award from the Industrial Designers Society of America, and are widely seen as - in industrial design at least - among the most beautiful devices currently on sale.

  • Nokia Lumia 900 (2012)

    The Lumia 800 and 900 are Nokia's flagship Windows Phone 7 devices. They've since shared a gold award from the Industrial Designers Society of America, and are widely seen as - in industrial design at least - among the most beautiful devices currently on sale.

  • Nokia Asha 306 (2012)

    The Nokia Asha 306 brings a full-touch smartphone experience to emerging markets, and in the spiritual inheritor to the Nokia 1100.