Lung Cancer 'Leading Cause Of Cancer Deaths Among British Women'
According to a new report, which looked at the cancer rates of 27 member states in the, Britain has the highest number of lung cancer deaths among women.
Despite positive predictions that breast cancer deaths will fall by 9% this year in Britain, lung cancer is continuing to claim the lives of women, with more than 39,000 of women diagnosed a year, claiming 15,000 lives.
The research compiled by the Annals of Oncology journal focused on the whole of the EU and six individual countries, the UK, Germany, Italy, Poland and Spain.
Researchers discovered that 21.4 per 100,000 women in Britain are struck down with lung cancer. Poland ranked second place with 16.9 per 100,000 women.
The increasing number of women dying from lung cancer each year has worried leading cancer charities, who believe that attractive cigarette packaging play a key role into the rising numbers.
Catherine Thomson, head of statistical information, at Cancer Research UK, told The Huffington Post: "This latest study from the EU is in line with previous research, which shows that generally death rates from cancer in the UK are predicted to fall.
“This is true for breast and bowel cancers and lung cancer in men – reassuring news that highlights the impact of men stopping smoking, the introduction of new therapies and diagnostics, and how the NHS has improved treatment delivery. But according to this study lung cancer death rates in women seem to be still climbing.
“This is a worrying trend. Smoking prevention is the key to reducing lung cancer rates as smoking causes over 8 out of 10 lung cancer cases. Most smokers start under the age of 18, so efforts to dissuade both boys and girls from starting to smoke in the first place must be continued.
“One important step is to remove the displays of cigarettes in shops – which is being rolled out in large stores and supermarkets in April. Tobacco companies have used the cigarette pack to appeal to new smokers over recent years.
“Cancer Research UK is also urging the government to remove all branding from tobacco packets and sell this deadly product in plain, standardised packets with large health warnings front and back.”
The Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) believes the statistics reflect on how tobacco companies have, and still do, deliberately target women.
Referring to the post-war adverts and the colourful cigarette packaging today, Deborah Arnott, chief executive of ASH, says:
“Women are reaping the consequences of industry marketing of cigarettes as a symbol of independence and freedom – instead it’s bringing them illness and death.
“Men used to smoke more but rates have dropped and now the gap has closed. Teenage girls are more likely to smoke at an earlier age than boys and that makes them more vulnerable to damage to their health.
“We need plain packaging of cigarettes. Attractive ‘pretty’ packets make cigarettes appealing to women, but there is a big price to pay. Even today six out of ten teenage mothers is a smoker. This isn’t an accident, the tobacco industry deliberately targets young women with products like “super slims” in what they call ‘perfume packs’”.
Although almost 1.3m people will die of cancer in Europe this year, the death rate is on a steady decline, with a 10% fall in cancer-related deaths for men, and 7% for women.
Looking at Europe as a whole, the study predicted that 717,398 men and 565, 703 women in the EU would die from cancer in 2012. This is compared to 706,619 male and 554,515 female deaths in 2007.
Five Ways To Quit Smoking
Battle the addiction with these top tips by hypnotherapist, <a href="www.elledormerhypnotherapy.co.uk" target="_hplink"><strong>Elle Dormer</strong></a>.
Close Your Eyes
"Close your eyes and take 3 deep breaths in and out. Now build a mental picture of yourself in the future as a non smoker. "Make it real by filling in the detail - where you are, what you're doing, who you're with and how much better you look and feel. This is known as future pacing. If you can imagine yourself having achieved your goal you a mentally a step closer to it."
Plan Your Escape
"Smokers often use cigarettes as a form of escapism. To have a break away from their desk after a stressful call. Or to provide thinking time when they are procrastinating. "Go for a brisk walk instead. Or to the kitchen to make a cup of tea. Any simple, familiar task that we can do without much thought allows us to simultaneously access our unconscious or 'zone out' which can be both relaxing and enable greater creative thought."
Imagine Other People's Disappointment
"Make a list of all the people (alive or dead) in your life who care for you - or have cared for you, like your friends, partner, parents or children. Then close your eyes and imagine them all together gathered in a room. "You are standing before them with a large beautifully gift wrapped box. This present represents you quitting smoking. Explain this to them in your mind. See or imagine their reactions. "Make them real. The relief, love, pride, appreciation. Then imagine asking for the gift back and how sad and disappointed they would be. And resolve that you cannot do this to the people you love."
"Cigarettes do not relax you. Nicotine is a stimulant so it is actually making you edgier and more stressed by elevating your heart rate and releasing stress hormones like adrenalin and cortisol into your blood stream. "Try an experiment: replace one of your regular cigarettes of the day with the following pattern of breathing. Breathe in for a count of 4 and out for a count of 8. Do this 10 x, consciously relaxing your body on every out breath. "This will physiologically de-stress you by slowing your heart rate and releasing endorphins. And prove to you you can truly relax yourself without a cigarette.
Use Your Imagination
"Take a moment somewhere quiet and close your eyes. Remember a time when you felt really confident, relaxed and in control. Take yourself back to that time, fill in the details and make it real. When you're feeling those emotions at their strongest, squeeze our thumb and forefinger together. "Clear your mind and repeat. Then practice recalling those helpful, positive emotions at points during the day by squeezing your thumb and forefinger together. The physical trigger should help to access those beneficial feelings that will help at moments of weakness."
Take a look at our round-up of tobacco TV advertising campaigns between 1950 to 1960.
True Cigarette Advert (1950)
Camel Cigarette Advert (1949)
Lucky Strike Cigarette Ad (1953)
Flintstones Winston Cigarette Advert (1960)
Cigarette Advert (1951)
Kools Cigarette Advert (1950s)
Pall Mall Cigarette Advert (1955)