England and Wales has reached a record 56.1m population, according to Monday's Census 2011.
The figures show a 7% increase over the last 10 years, but the rise in people is not spread evenly - with one borough recording a huge growth spurt of 26%, and others recording a decline in population.
The largest increase in population was in the capital, which grew by 12%, gaining more than 850,000 inhabitants and taking its total population to more than eight million.
That includes the boroughs of Tower Hamlets, which has grown 26.4% in 10 years, and Newham, which has grown 23.5% since 2011.
Manchester also saw a population surge of 19%
The areas that saw the smallest growth included Barrow-in-Furness in the North West which has declined by 4% since 2001. Knowsley, Sefton, Sunderland and South Tyneside also saw declines in population, as well as the London borough of Kensington and Chelsea.
The fastest growing areas
The areas with the highest decline in population