England and Wales has reached a record 56.1m population, according to Monday's Census 2011.

The figures show a 7% increase over the last 10 years, but the rise in people is not spread evenly - with one borough recording a huge growth spurt of 26%, and others recording a decline in population.

The largest increase in population was in the capital, which grew by 12%, gaining more than 850,000 inhabitants and taking its total population to more than eight million.

That includes the boroughs of Tower Hamlets, which has grown 26.4% in 10 years, and Newham, which has grown 23.5% since 2011.

Manchester also saw a population surge of 19%

The areas that saw the smallest growth included Barrow-in-Furness in the North West which has declined by 4% since 2001. Knowsley, Sefton, Sunderland and South Tyneside also saw declines in population, as well as the London borough of Kensington and Chelsea.

The fastest growing areas

table2ew1_tcm77-272520

The areas with the highest decline in population

table3ew1_tcm77-272581

SEE ALSO

Loading Slideshow...
  • A group of three soldiers from the Royal Regiment of Scotland rest in front of the Olympic stadium, as they make their way to security check point at the Olympic Park entrances, in Stratford east London. (Photo credit: John Stillwell/PA Wire)

  • An anti-nuclear protester dressed as a clown is moved on by police during a march through downtown Tokyo, Monday, July 16, 2012. Tens of thousands of people gathered at a Tokyo park, demanding "ìSayonara" or goodbye, to nuclear power as Japan prepares to restart yet another reactor, and expressed outrage over a report that blamed culture on the Fukushima disaster. (Photo credit: AP Photo/Greg Baker)

  • Protesters stage a rally against the restart of a nuclear reactor, in Tokyo, Monday, July 16, 2012. A nuclear reactor in western Japan begun generating electricity, Thursday July 5, in the first restart since last year's tsunami led to a nationwide nuclear power plant shutdown. (Photo credit: AP Photo/Koji Sasahara)

  • Storks stand on their nest as the sun rises in the foggy morning, near the village of Chereshlya, 150 kilometers (93 miles) west of Minsk, Belarus, early Monday, July 16, 2012. (Photo credit: AP Photo/Sergei Grits)

  • A participant tackles the Mud Mile obstacle on the final day of the 2012 Tough Mudder Extreme Endurance Challenge held in the grounds of Drumlanrig Castle and Country Estate in Dumfriesshire. (Photo credit: PA)

  • A deer stands in the fog-covered field during a sunrise near the village of Chereshlya, some 160 km (100 miles) west of Minsk, Belarus, early Monday, July 16, 2012. (Photo credit: AP Photo/Sergei Grits)

  • Israelis wave their national flag as they march through the streets to protest rising housing costs on July 15, 2012 in Tel Aviv, Israel. Growing discontent among Israelis over housing prices and other social inequalities have spurred marches, boycotts and labor strikes in the Jewish state. An Israeli man set himself on fire during the march for social justice protest yesterday. (Photo credit: Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)

  • A visitor extends her hand to touch a high-resolution digital movie (4000 x 2000) of a whale shark during a press preview at the Sony showroom in Tokyo on July 16, 2011 on Marine Day. Sony will display a high resolution movie illustrating Okinawa's aquarium through September 9 to attract summer vacationers. (Photo credit: YOSHIKAZU TSUNO/AFP/GettyImages)

  • A visitor extends her hand to touch a high-resolution digital movie (4000 x 2000) of pigmy sweepers during a press preview at the Sony showroom in Tokyo on July 16, 2011 on Marine Day. Sony will display a high resolution movie illustrating Okinawa's aquarium through September 9 to attract summer vacationers. (Photo credit: YOSHIKAZU TSUNO/AFP/GettyImages)

  • A Hindu devotee poses in the Bagmati River for Shravan festivities before heading towards the Pashupatinath Temple to offer prayers to Lord Shiva, Hindu god of destruction, in Sundarijal on the outskirts of Kathmandu on July 16, 2012. According to the Nepali calendar Shravan is considered the holiest month of the year with each Monday of the month known as Shravan Somvar when worshippers offer prayers for a happy and prosperous life. (Photo credit: PRAKASH MATHEMA/AFP/GettyImages)

  • Hindu devotees bathe in the Bagmati River for Shravan festivities before heading towards the Pashupatinath Temple to offer prayers to Lord Shiva, Hindu god of destruction, in Sundarijal on the outskirts of Kathmandu on July 16, 2012. According to the Nepali calendar Shravan is considered the holiest month of the year with each Monday of the month known as Shravan Somvar when worshippers offer prayers for a happy and prosperous life. (Photo credit: PRAKASH MATHEMA/AFP/GettyImages)

  • A man wearing a Guy Fawkes mask holds a placard as he takes part in anti-nuclear rally in Tokyo on July 16, 2012. Tens of thousands of people rallied in Tokyo demanding an end to nuclear power, the latest in a series of anti-atomic gatherings following the tsunami-sparked disaster at Fukushima. (Photo credit: YOSHIKAZU TSUNO/AFP/GettyImages)

  • Kashmiri government teachers shout anti government slogans during a protest in Srinagar on July 16, 2012. Indian police used water cannons and detained dozens of government teachers demanding raises in their salary and regularisation of their jobs. (Photo credit: TAUSEEF MUSTAFA/AFP/GettyImages)