Hay fever sufferers have been forced to endure the longest hay fever season in more than two decades, scientists said.

The hay fever season for people who suffer from grass allergies, accounting for about 80% of sufferers, has been about three weeks longer than usual.

hay fever season record

Hay fever sufferers forced to cope with record pollen counts

Pollen counts are usually high between the start of June and the middle of July but this year they started early and went on for longer.

Dr Catherine Pashley, who works in the infection, immunity and inflammation department of the University of Leicester, said this summer has been "distressing" for people with hay fever, as symptoms including itchy eyes and runny noses have lasted longer than they usually would.

Scientists working in the Midlands measured the first day of "high count" grass pollen on May 25.

The hay fever season usually begins a week later at the start of June. The last time the season started this early was in 1991 when the first high pollen count day was on May 24.

Are you suffering? Here are Huffpost Lifestyle's tips on preventing the worst...

Loading Slideshow...
  • Pollen Forecasts

    Monitor pollen forecasts daily and stay indoors wherever possible when the count is high (generally on warmer, dry days). Rain washes pollen from the air so counts should be lower on cooler, wet days

  • Stay By The Seaside

    Limit outdoor trips to rural areas. Sea breezes blow pollen inland, so escape to the sea instead.

  • Shower And Change

    If you go out, shower and wash your hair on return, and change your clothing before coming back into the living room or bedroom

  • Close Windows

    Keep windows closed when indoors and overnight whilst you are sleeping. This is most important in the early mornings, when pollen is being released, and in the evening when the air cools and pollens that have been carried up into the air begin to fall to ground level again.

  • Air Filter

    If you suffer symptoms indoors, a good air filter should help. Choose one that is proven to trap even small particles (see the <a href="http://www.allergyuk.org/" target="_hplink">Allergy UK website</a> for lists of approved air filters).

  • Avoid Mowing Lawn

    Avoid mowing lawns or raking leaves. If you must perform these tasks, use a face mask.

  • Sunglasses

    Wear wraparound sunglasses when outdoors to keep allergens out of your eyes.

  • Clothes

    Avoid drying clothes and bedding on a clothes-line outside when pollen counts are high.

  • Car Windows

    Pollen counts tend to be high along roads with grass verges (dual-carriageways, motorways). Keep car windows closed and the air intake on 're-circulate' when driving. Choose a car that is fitted with an effective pollen filter, or get an in-car air filter.

  • Pollen Barrier

    Apply an effective pollen barrier around the edge of each nostril to trap or block pollens. Pollen Barriers are available as balms or gel nasal sprays and some people have found petroleum jelly can help.

  • Hypo-allergenic Make-up

    Choose hypo-allergenic eye make-up, especially mascara.

  • Pets

    Don't let pets get close to your face as they can carry pollen in their fur.

  • Swimming Goggles

    Use goggles when swimming, whether in the sea or in a pool.

"Through our association with the charity Midlands Asthma and Allergy Research Association (MAARA), we have pollen data for this region going back to 1968," said Dr Pashley.

"Using this we can see that we have only had three years that it has been this early."

The last "very high" grass count this year was on July 22, Dr Pashley said. The last time a "very high" grass pollen count occurred this late in the season was on July 23, 1985.

She said: "The season started early and finished late. People with hay fever have suffered over a prolonged period."

Dr Pashley said the interchanging wet and dry weather has led to the prolonged season.

Could Fruit And Veg Make Hay Fever Worse?

"We had warm wet weather in late spring, which was conducive to grass growing and producing pollen," she said.

"When the flowers are mature in the early summer months, release and dispersal of pollen depends on dry weather, with the ideal for a high count being a warm day with a light wind.

"Rainfall will usually result in sharp decrease in airborne levels of grass pollen. Grass florets will remain shut on dull or wet days, with the pollen being released during the next dry period.

"Our summer has been interspersed with lots of wet days and a few dry sunny days which has resulted in the season starting early, and continuing longer, but having lots of low pollen days within it."

Hay fever symptoms are likely to be worse if the pollen count is high, it is classed as high when more than 50 grains of pollen are found in every cubic metre of air. It is categorised as "very high" when 150 or more grains of pollen are measured in every cubic metre of air.