A Russian court has upheld a ban on gay pride parades taking place in Moscow for the next 100 years.
Nikolai Alexeyev, the founder of the Russian capital's pride movement, had challenged a previous ruling that had blocked attempts by gay rights groups to hold marches in the city.
Friday's ruling came after gay rights campaigners exploited a loophole in Russian law that led them to submit requests in 2011 for 102 annual pride parades in Moscow.
Under current legislation authorities have to either allow or ban a planned parade within 15 days of a request being made.
In order to avoid having to agree to the marches Moscow authorities turned down all 102 of them, meaning there can be no gay pride celebrations in the city until 2112.
Following today's ruling Alexeyev said he intended to take the fight to the European Court of Human Rights.
While homosexuality was decriminalised in Russia in 1993, anti-gay prejudice remains. This year St Petersburg joined other cities in banning "homosexual propaganda", with those convicted facing fines of up to 500,000 roubles (£9,950).