The imminent Scottish referendum risks similar tensions to what was seen in Scotland when the Jacobite rebellions took place, a business leader has suggested.
BT chairman Sir Michael Rake, who is president of Confederation of British Industry, used a speech to City figures at a dinner organised by the insurance market Lloyd's of London to warn against Scotland going "full circle" back to the time of the uprisings, which broke out across Britain in a bid to return King James II to the throne after he was deposed in 1688.
"Around the time Lloyd’s was being founded in 1688, The Revolution was underway which led to the Jacobite wars in Scotland and, in time and in part, to the Act of Union in 1707," he said on Wednesday night.
"Two weeks’ away from the Scottish referendum, let’s hope we’re not actually going full circle, that common sense prevails and that we’re going to continue to draw strength from our long-standing Union."
In response, a spokesperson for the Scottish National Party told the Huffington Post UK: "Sir Michael Rake has been doing the No campaign no favours in recent days. First he embarrassed David Cameron by underlining the fact that the only threat to Scotland's place in the EU comes from an in/out referendum on EU membership in the event of a No vote and now these bizarre comments will only invite ridicule from the general public."
A spokesperson for the Business for Scotland pro-independence group hit out at Sir Michael's "daft" and "out of touch" comments, adding: "While the CBI is talking about a war that happened three and a half centuries ago Scotland's businesses are looking forward to a brighter future and a time of opportunity."
"While Sir Michael Rake is worried about claymores being pulled from their hiding places we're looking at helping to build a fairer and more prosperous society. Where he sees threats we see opportunities."
Speaking before Sir Michael, Lloyd's chairman John Nelson told the audience that he would be "extremely sad" if Scots voted for independence later this month.
To applause, he added: "It is in the interests of the entire Scottish population, and the wider British population, all 65 million of us, who inhabit these extraordinary islands that the Union stays together."
Sir Michael's stark warning comes as the Wall Street bank Goldman Sachs said that a vote for independence could plunge the UK into a eurozone-style crisis due to major uncertainty over the creation of a currency union.
“The most important specific risk, in our view, is that the uncertainty over whether an independent Scotland would be able to retain sterling as its currency could result in an EMU-style [Economic and Monetary Union] currency crisis occurring within the UK,” wrote Kevin Daly, one of the bank’s senior economists.
“Even if the sterling monetary union does not break up in the event of a Yes vote, the threat of a break-up would provide investors with a strong incentive to sell Scottish-based assets, and households with a strong incentive to withdraw deposits from Scottish-based banks,” he added.
Goldman Sachs also warned that an independent Scotland would need to make "painful" cuts as part of a "significant budget adjustment" to get its finances in order as it currently gets higher public spending from the Treasury due to the Barnett Formula.
“Filling this gap in the event of independence would be painful and is likely to require a significant reduction in the provision of public services. In the long run, an independent Scotland would likely have a smaller public sector,” Daly said.
Berenberg, a German multinational bank, echoed Goldman Sachs' warning as it concluded that an independent Scotland would require "significant further austerity”.
“Government borrowing costs would be higher and there would probably be economic disruption from a new Scottish currency … Overall, we judge that the few years following the vote would be tough but not calamitous,” it said.
Meanwhile, Chief Secretary to the Treasury, Danny Alexander, seized on the pound dropping around 0.6% against the dollar after a poll indicated that the Yes campaign was gaining in popularity as proof that independence would be an "economic earthquake".
He told the Independent: “I think this is a taster of the economic damage that will be done, particularly to Scotland, if we voted for independence. These are the tremors, but we can avoid the earthquake by voting No.
The American electorate may have gone off their president after five and a half years in office but Barack Obama still enjoys 2008 levels of popularity in the UK. People from the No Campaign probably fainted when Obama said "the key word is 'united'" when asked about Scotland.
Austin Powers may be against independence but James Bond isn't. Sir Sean has told his fellow Scots that independence "is too good an opportunity to miss". He also said the potential boosts to the film and creative industries are "particularly exciting".
"I would hate to have you lose Scotland," the potential next American president told Jeremy Paxman on Newsnight. "I hope that it doesn't happen but I don't have a vote in Scotland. But I would hope it doesn't happen." She added: "I would think it would be a loss for both sides but, again, I don't have a vote."
The face of BBC science has not declared for or against Scottish independence but his namesake, actor Brian Cox is firmly in favour of it. He has provided the voice of Duggy Dog, an animated Highland Terrier created by the Yes campaign who aims to "sniff out fact from fiction" in the independence debate.
Since dabbling in right-wing politics in the 1970s, Bowie's views appear to have mulled somewhat. When Kate Moss collected his BRIT award earlier this year, she read a statement on behalf that asked Scotland to "stay with us". The statement said: "In Japanese myth the rabbits from my old costume that Kate's wearing live on the moon. Kate comes from Venus and I from Mars, so that's nice. I'm completely delighted to have a Brit for being the best male, but I am, aren't I Kate? I think it's a great way to end the day. Thank you very, very much and Scotland - stay with us."
This Scot is firmly pro-independence. So much so, the New York-based actor bought a flat in Edinburgh last year so he would be able to vote in September's referendum. Unfortunately, it was deemed not to be his "main address" and, by extension, he will not be able to vote.
JK Rowling, who wrote her first Harry Potter book while living in Edinburgh and still lives in the Scottish capital, has given £1 million to defeat Alex Salmond. She wrote she was "no fan of the Westminster government". She added: "The simple truth is that Scotland is subject to the same 21st century pressures as the rest of the world. The more I listen to the Yes campaign, the more I worry about its minimisation and even denial of risks." A Twitter account digested this and reflected: "What a #bitch after we gave her shelter in our city when she was a single mum."
Always outspoken, Bragg's take on Scottish independence is that it would be as good for his native England as it would for north of the border. The left-winger said: "Scottish independence throws up the possibility of a more progressive England. We won’t be British any more, we’ll be English."
On Sunday, 2,000 people gathered outside BBC Scotland's Glasgow headquarters to protest what they saw as its pro-union stance. A couple who attended the protest said: "The BBC is paid for by all of us whether Yes or No but it doesn’t reflect both sides of the campaign. They don't cover stories that damage No, but are always headlining stories against Yes."
Pope Francis voiced concerns about Scottish independence - but his comments were non-commital to the point where both the yes and no camps welcomed them. Speaking about secession movements across the world, the infallable representative of God on earth said countries breaking away from larger states should be considered on a "case-by-case basis". He acknowledged the case was "clear" in in some cases but listed Scotland as one of the cases where "I ask myself it is so clear". He said: "Let's think of the former Yugoslavia. Obviously, there are nations with cultures so different that couldn't even be stuck together with glue. "The Yugoslavian case is very clear, but I ask myself if it is so clear in other cases - Scotland, Padania, Catalunya." No campaigners said the Pope was "right to warn about the impact of division" while No campaigners said: "As His Holiness says, these matters should be looked at on a case-by-case basis."
The Sunday Herald became the first Scottish paper to back the yes campaign in May with this front cover. It wrote: "We understand the past, as best we can, and guess at the future. But history is as nothing to the lives of the children being born now, this morning, in the cities, towns and villages of this country. "On their behalf, we assert a claim to a better, more decent, more just future in which a country's governments will be ruled always by the decisions of its citizens.''
Sir Sean appeared to win an ally when Lord of The Rings actor Elijah Wood said Scotland should "fucking go for it" with independence. But he later backtracked, claiming he had misunderstood the question he was asked at the Edinburgh Film Festival. Speaking to the Scotsman, he said: "You know, in truth, I thought they were talking about independent cinema. I mean, it’s a film festival.”