Teenagers may be uncommunicative, distant and difficult, but there's one language they universally understand and appreciate: technology.
So when it comes to buying Christmas gifts to make teens happy (at least temporarily), you can't go wrong with gadgets.
Whether your teen is selfie-obsessed, a phone addict, a music lover, into computers, programming and robots or simply likes to tinker, there's a tech gift out there for them.
While tried-and-tested Christmas gift staples like portable speakers and a tough-to-trash digital camera are always a good bet, there are also a bevy of tech gifts that encourage teens to be inventive and analytical. If creating DIY gadgets like gaming devices and learning to code them and make up new games sounds like your teen's dream, check out Technology Will Save Us for a great range of make-'em-yourself gadgets for kids and teens of all ages.
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There's even something for fashion-loving teens, from style-savvy headphones to smart jewellery, like the Ringly, an 18-carat gold plated and semi-precious stone ring which alerts the wearer to incoming calls and messages.
Click through the slideshow for 11 tech gifts for teens - they may even look up from their phones to thank you for these. Or not.
It's safe to say that Google's Chromecast
has been something of a hit. The £25 streaming stick will turn any TV with a HDMI port into a 'Smart TV' by letting you 'cast' Netlflix, BBC iPlayer and more from your iPhone or Android phone to the TV. Using a powerful built-in WiFi antenna Chromecast then streams the content directly so you'll never use up battery on your phone or tablet.
The NERF Modulus is quite simply the ultimate in toy-based warfare. You simply buy the starter gun for £32.69 and then start adding attachments. You'd think that a NERF gun was a too childish for a teen and yet the Huff Post office has been consumed by a foam-based conflict ever since.
Amazon's revamped Paperwhite is its best yet. While it doesn't have the bells and whistles of the Voyage it is light, durable and strikes the perfect balance of price/value at £109.99. The screen's brightness has been tweaked to perfection as well make it perfect for reading either in bed or in broad daylight. The ultimate student companion.
At this point, we almost don't need to say anything about it, however we will. Robotics company Sphero have created their very own version of the iconic droid BB-8
from Star Wars: The Force Awakens. Controlled via a smartphone app, this pesky little droid is as adorable as it is a joy to use. Is it useful for anything? Of course not, but that's not the point because just look at it.
If you grew up using LEGO then there's one universal truth that you're going to know which is that you are NEVER too old to play with LEGO. With this in mind we can happily recommend this outstanding recreation of Poe Dameron's X-Wing starfighter from the new Star Wars film. You even get a mini version of BB-8!
There has never been a better time to buy a PS4
, if you don't believe us just head to Amazon and look at the price. You can grab yourself a next-generation console for under £300, not only that but you're getting a media centre that can play Spotify, Blu-Rays, Sky TV and Netflix to mention just a few.