Nicolas Colsaerts is to become the first Belgian to play in the Ryder Cup - and the only uncapped player in Europe's side next month.
To nobody's surprise Ian Poulter was also handed a wild card by captain Jose Maria Olazabal at Gleneagles and Padraig Harrington, a member of the last six sides, was left out.
While Harrington has won only two of his last 13 cup games, Poulter has won seven of his last eight and Olazabal has rewarded the two players who came closest to making the team on points. Poulter finished 11th on the table and Colsaerts 12th. Harrington was down in 19th place.
Until Sergio Garcia won in America last Monday Poulter was in position to qualify and Colsaerts, winner of the Volvo World Match Play title in Spain in May, would have made it with a closing 66 in the Johnnie Walker Championship on Sunday.
The 29-year-old from Brussels, who only three years ago stood 1,305th in the world, shot 72, but Olazabal had seen enough.
For the match at Medinah in Chicago on September 28-30 Europe will parade eight of the side that won by a single point at Celtic Manor two years ago - Poulter, Rory McIlroy, Luke Donald, Lee Westwood, match-winner Graeme McDowell, Francesco Molinari, Peter Hanson and Martin Kaymer.
Justin Rose and Garcia are back after failing to keep their places last time and 43-year-old Paul Lawrie earns his second cap a remarkable 13 years after his first.
Olazabal could have become the first captain on either side to lead out a team without a single debutant in it since the very first contest in 1927. But three-major winner Harrington, given a wild card by Colin Montgomerie two years ago, has failed to make it despite finishing eighth in The Masters and fourth in the US Open this season.
Prior to this year Colsaerts had played in only two majors and missed the cut in both of them, but in coming seventh at The Open last month he started and finished with rounds of 65.
The Match Play victory was the big one, though. He beat three of his new team-mates - Rose, Lawrie and then in the final McDowell - as well as American Brandt Snedeker to succeed Poulter as champion. He is the biggest-hitter in European golf and that also played its part in Olazabal's decision after his visit to Medinah two weeks ago.