José Mourinho finds himself back in the spotlight once more after the Football Association charged the Chelsea manager with improper conduct for being sent to the stands during the Blues' 4-1 Premier League win over Cardiff on Saturday.
It is the latest in a series of disciplinary incidents involving the Portuguese, who has experienced some memorable previous brushes with the footballing authorities.
Mourinho accused referee Anders Frisk and Barcelona manager Frank Rijkaard of meeting during the half-time interval of their Champions League last-16 first leg in March 2005. Mourinho was labelled an "enemy of referees", earning a fine and a two-match ban as Frisk received death threats and retired.
During his first stint as Chelsea boss, Mourinho was sent off as he celebrated his side's equaliser in the Carling Cup final, strolling down the touchline past Liverpool fans with his finger pressed to his lips in a silence gesture.
His time in charge of Inter Milan saw Mourinho criticise Italian referees on several occasions. However, his gesture during a Serie A match against Sampdoria in February 2010, in which the Portuguese made a handcuffs gesture towards a camera after two of his players had been sent off, earned him a three-match ban from the Italian Football Federation.
Mourinho twice received touchline bans from Uefa for incidents in the Champions League with Real Madrid. The first was for apparently instructing Sergio Ramos and Xabi Alonso to deliberately pick up bookings, and the second came during Madrid's ill-tempered semi-final defeat to arch rivals Barcelona.
Mourinho was sent off in the first leg and then implied Barca were given special treatment by Uefa, with his conduct earning the Portuguese a five-match ban by European football's governing body.
Mourinho attracted further controversy after appearing to poke then Barcelona assistant manager Tito Vilanova in the eye during Madrid's Supercopa defeat at the Nou Camp at the start of the season - subsequently earning himself a two-match touchline ban.