The Blog

Yom Kippur and Yom Arafat - Muslim and Jewish Relations

Muslims and Jews can only overcome challenges through solidarity and mutual cooperation to prevail over shared hatred, education, not legislation is needed. On both sides, the urge to live and let live peacefully must prevail over any other sentiments.

Hajj is a religious pilgrimage during which Muslims from around the globe travel to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. During the Hajj, memories of the beginning of humanity are evoked. Muslims gather on the planes of Arafat, where they believe Prophet Adam, the first man to walk the Earth, and his wife Eve first met. Muslim retrace the footsteps of not only Prophet Muhammad but also Prophet Abraham, who is revered by Muslims, Jews and Christians alike. The rites of Hajj therefore predate Islam, as they originate from Abraham, whose inspirational story can be found in the Bible as well as in the Glorious Qur'an.

For Muslims on the Hajj, the Yom (in Arabic meaning 'day') of Arafat is the most important day of the entire pilgrimage. Without the observance of the rites of the Day of Arafat, Hajj is not complete. The Day of Arafat fell on the same day as Yom Kippur. For Jews, Yom Kippur is the most important time of the year, where time is set aside in the Jewish calendar for atonement for one's sins and reflection on the preceding year as well as the year ahead. This dates back to the very time of Moses (Leviticus 23:26-32).


Yom Kippur is a time for repentance. Repentance is precisely what Muslims do on the Day of Arafat. The Hajj pilgrims stand in the plains of Arafat, under the clear desert sky, beseeching God for His forgiveness, atoning for their sins and misdeeds and soothing mercy. The experience at Arafat is about wiping clean of the past transgressions and having a new life, free of past sins. Muslims across the globe will also be repenting and seeking forgiveness because, like Yom Kippur, the Yom Arafat is the holiest day of the year for Muslims.

Many Jews choose to follow a tradition of wearing white clothing on Yom Kippur, symbolizing purity and a Biblical promise that sins that are repented shall be made white as snow. During the Hajj, irrespective of background and social class, Muslim men cover themselves in the prescribed two plain pieces of white cloth which they are required to wear for the event in a symbol of uniformity and equality.


Many Jews fast for almost 26 hours for Yom Kippur. Muslims, who are not on the Hajj, are encouraged to fast the day of Arafat, in solidarity with their co-religionists in the plain of Arafat, so that they can attain atonement. Fasting on the Yom of Arafat expiates for the sins of the past and coming year. A man came to the Prophet Muhammad and asked: "O Messenger of Allah, what do you think of fasting on the day of Arafat?" He said: "It expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year" [Muslim]. Fasting is seens a catalyst for spiritual work and community transformation, in both traditions.

Many Jewish families hold a festive meal with relatives and friends to break the fast. The day after the Arafat, Muslims will celebrate Eid-ul-Adha and have a festive meal with relatives and friends.

As can be seen by the traditions of Yom Kippur and Yom Arafat, both communities are remarkably similar. Both communities worship the same God and honour Prophet Abraham. Muslims perform many rituals during the pilgrimage to honor the Patriarch Abraham, the very same Patriarch the Jews honor and revere.

Muslim-Jewish relations

Muslim-Jewish relations is the great challenge of the 21st century. There is a culture of fear, and a culture of fear can only be mitigated by relationships. The anger, political violence and mistrust, has divided Jews and Muslims for too long. The suspicions between the groups has colored their relations for most of their shared history.

A geo-political and territorial conflict - Israel and Palestine conflict- has strained relationships between Muslims and Jews for decades. For both communities, this political conflict is deep-rooted and cannot be ignored at our peril but we have no control over political and military outcomes. he political and emotional conversations should not be allowed to result in prejudice hatred of the 'the other' and violence. Muslims and Jews in Europe must not see each other only through the lens of Israel and Palestine conflict.

In Britain, many of the issues and challenges faced by Muslims, Jews and minority faith groups are similar. To give an example, on Yom Kippur, I spoke at a synagogue in Alyth, alongside Rabbi Mark Goldsmith, on the topic of bringing up Teenagers in the Jewish and Muslim communities. These are many other incredibly powerful and visible initiatives of solidarity that are pioneered by both Muslims and Jews.

Muslims and Jews can only overcome challenges through solidarity and mutual cooperation to prevail over shared hatred, education, not legislation is needed. On both sides, the urge to live and let live peacefully must prevail over any other sentiments.

On this Yom Kippur and Yom Arafat, I hope and pray that with compassion and co-operation, we may defeat the climate of suspicion and mistrust.