Disease Of Kings 'Gout' On The Rise (PICTURES Famous Sufferers)

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GOUT QUEEN VICTORIA
Obesity and heavy drinking blamed for increased cases of gout | Alamy

Two new studies show the prevalence of gout in the UK and the US has risen in recent years.

According to research by the University of Queensland, gout admissions rose by 7.2% per year in England between 1999 and 2009.

Rates have also increased in the States over the past 20 years and now affect 8.3 million (4%) Americans.

The jump in prevalence rates may be associated with a greater frequency of obesity and hypertension, suggest researchers in the Arthritis & Rheumatism journal.

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Gout, an inflammatory arthritis triggered by crystallization of uric acid within the joints, causes severe pain and swelling.

Medical evidence suggests that gout is strongly associated with metabolic syndrome — a group of health conditions characterised by obesity, insulin resistance, high blood pressure and blood lipid issues — and may lead to heart attack, diabetes and premature death.

Researchers for the US study compared data from the latest National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) that was conducted in 2007 and 2008, to previous surveys (1988-1994).

In a statement, lead researcher Dr Choi said: “We found that the prevalences of gout and hyperuricemia continue to be substantial in the US adult population.

"Improvements in managing modifiable risk factors, such as obesity and hypertension, could help prevent further escalation of gout and hyperuricemia among Americans.”