POLITICS

Scottish Independence Poll: Were Youngest Voters Less Likely To Vote For Independence?

29/09/2014 17:42 | Updated 30 September 2014

The youngest voters to take part in Scotland's historic referendum were actually less likely to vote for independence, a leading academic has said.

The claim flies in the face of the emerging narrative that younger, less cautious voters, including the 16-and-17-year-olds allowed to vote for the first time - were "sold out" by the older generation who, fearing for their pensions, voted no to independence.

Even Alex Salmond encouraged this view and it prompted a deluge of nasty tweets, accusing older people of betraying the cause.

scottish independence

Schoolchildren leave a polling station on the day of the Scottish independence referendum, the first ever UK poll where 16 and 17 year olds could vote

Speaking after he decided to stand down as Scottish First Minister in the wake of the defeat, Salmond, 59, said: "I think Scots of my generation and above should really be looking at themselves in the mirror and wonder if we, by majority, as a result of our decision, have actually impeded progress for the next generation which is something no generation should do."

This point of view was encouraged by Lord Ashcroft's snap post-election poll that concluded 71% of 16 and and 17 year olds voted Yes.

But one expert told HuffPost UK its polling sample - just 14 people in that age bracket - was so small it should be "completely ignored".

Dr Jan Eichhorn, an Edinburgh University academic, said his research on Scots aged 14 to 17 earlier this year - including many who were due to vote in referendum - might explain why their age group had a narrow preference for no rather than yes.

A YouGov poll painted a more complex portrait than the Ashcroft one. It showed only the over-65s voting against independence by a wide margin - and other age brackets voting no only by a narrow margin and only the 35-39s voting yes. It showed 51% 16 to 24 year-olds voted no.

Dr Eichhorn was among a group of academics who surveyed teenage Scots earlier this year and said these results did not surprise him - adding those aged 16 to 17 may have voted no by a wider margin than those aged 18 to 24.

They surveyed 1,006 Scots aged between 14 to 17 in May and June, 724 of whom were old enough to vote in the September 18 referendum.

Dr Eichhorn told The Huffington Post UK younger people were not radically different in their outlook."The most important thing for them was the same questions as older people. How would an independent Scotland do economically? Would it be prosperous?" he said. "They were very similar to most in deciding (how to vote) based on pragmatic evaluations."

SCOTLAND'S REFERENDUM:

Youngsters are "more trans-national," he said.

"First of all, they were more likely to say they were Scottish and British equally. They felt very strongly Scottish but no less British.

"Secondly, they were much more pro-European. They have grown up in a more inter-connected world where borders are far less visible.

"They've grown up with cheap air travel to Europe, they've seen their parents order things from the rest of the world.

"The first computer they ever sat down was probably connected to high-speed internet."

The survey asked young people to rate feelings of being Scottish or British. Only 15% of the 14 to 17 year olds said they were "Scottish, not British", compared with 39% who said they felt "equally Scottish and British".

Only 5% of 14 to 17 year olds Dr Eichhorn and his colleagues surveyed wanted to leave the EU. This compared to 19% in Scotland as a whole, according to the most recent Scottish Social Attitudes survey.

More than two thirds of the youngsters - 67% - favoured either keeping the EU as it was or expanding its powers, compared with 36% of the country as a whole.

Though 16 and 17 year olds took part in national polls about how they intended to vote in the referendum, there was no separate one exclusively for them.

Ben Page, chief executive for pollsters Ipsos Mori, told HuffPost UK their analysis suggested 16 and 17 year olds had voted between 55% and 60% in favour of independence, based on two different poll series they did.

But the relatively small number of people sampled of that age meant the margin of error for that was around 10%, he added. The Yougov poll figure - a 51% vote for no - was among 16-24 year olds.

Dr Eichhorn said his survey results suggested 16 and 17 year olds "may have dragged (the yes vote figure) down", by voting no by a wider margin.

alex salmond

Alex Salmond said back the notion older voters had let down younger ones, saying they had 'impeded progress' by voting no

If younger voters are less inclined towards independence because of the interconnected times they have grown up in, could this trend continue in years to come, as people born in the age of cheap international travel and instant internet make up more and more of the population?

Could it be that, if another referendum is held in a generation's time, more people vote no?

"It is hard to predict indeed," Dr Eichorn said but he added the younger generation's support for the EU made it more complicated. "We have seen that for some, being in the EU was important and more likely to be achieved if Scotland was independent. So if the threat of leaving the EU became larger because of a referendum in the UK on EU membership, this could play out differently. The terms of independence would be in a different context."

  • ANDY BUCHANAN via Getty Images
  • Pro-independence supporters push each other in a shopping trolley in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014, following a defeat in the referendum on Scottish independence. Scotland rejected independence on Friday in a referendum that left the centuries-old United Kingdom intact but paved the way for a major transfer of powers away from London. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
  • ANDY BUCHANAN via Getty Images
  • Pro-independence supporters console each other in George Square in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014, following a defeat in the referendum on Scottish independence. Scotland rejected independence on Friday in a referendum that left the centuries-old United Kingdom intact but paved the way for a major transfer of powers away from London. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
  • ANDY BUCHANAN via Getty Images
  • Pro-independence supporters are pictured in George Square in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014, following a defeat in the referendum on Scottish independence. Scotland rejected independence on Friday in a referendum that left the centuries-old United Kingdom intact but paved the way for a major transfer of powers away from London. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
  • Christopher Furlong via Getty Images
  • EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Yes vote campaigners console themselves outside the Scottish Parliament building after the people of Scotland voted no to independence on September 19, 2014 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted 'No' in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)
  • Christopher Furlong via Getty Images
  • EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Yes vote campaigners console themselves outside the Scottish Parliament building after the people of Scotland voted no to independence on September 19, 2014 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted 'No' in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)
  • Christopher Furlong via Getty Images
  • EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Yes vote campaigners console themselves outside the Scottish Parliament building after the people of Scotland voted no to independence on September 19, 2014 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted 'No' in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)
  • Christopher Furlong via Getty Images
  • EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Dejected Yes vote campaigners make their way home along the Royal Mile after the people of Scotland voted no to independence on September 19, 2014 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted 'No' in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)
  • Christopher Furlong via Getty Images
  • EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Dejected Yes vote campaigners make their way home along the Royal Mile after the people of Scotland voted no to independence on September 19, 2014 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted 'No' in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)
  • ANDY BUCHANAN via Getty Images
  • Pro-independence supporters console one another in George Square in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014, following a defeat in the referendum on Scottish independence. Scotland rejected independence on Friday in a referendum that left the centuries-old United Kingdom intact but paved the way for a major transfer of powers away from London. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
  • ANDY BUCHANAN via Getty Images
  • Pro-Union supporters celebrate following the announcement of referendum polling results during a 'Better Together' event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014. Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond on Friday conceded defeat in his party's campaign for independence from the rest of the United Kingdom, after all but one result from the historic referendum was declared. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
  • ANDY BUCHANAN via Getty Images
  • Pro-Union supporters celebrate following the announcement of referendum polling results during a 'Better Together' event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014. Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond on Friday conceded defeat in his party's campaign for independence from the rest of the United Kingdom, after all but one result from the historic referendum was declared. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
  • Lynne Cameron/PA Wire
  • Yes campaign supporters in George Square, Glasgow, as Scotland has rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in the largest city.
  • Lynne Cameron/PA Wire
  • Yes campaign supporters in George Square, Glasgow, as Scotland has rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in the largest city.
  • Christopher Furlong via Getty Images
  • EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Yes vote campaigners console themselves outside the Scottish Parliament building after the people of Scotland voted no to independence on September 19, 2014 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted 'No' in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)
  • Lynne Cameron/PA Wire
  • Yes campaign supporters in George Square, Glasgow, as Scotland has rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in the largest city.
  • Lynne Cameron/PA Wire
  • A Better Together supporter naps at the Marriott Hotel in Glasgow as Scotland has rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in the largest city.
  • Lynne Cameron/PA Wire
  • Better Together supporters celebrate at the Marriot Hotel in Glasgow as Scotland rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in Glasgow.
  • Lynne Cameron/PA Wire
  • Supporters of the Better Together campaign react to results of the Scottish independence referendum at The Marriott Hotel in Glasgow as Scotland has rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in the largest city.
  • Lynne Cameron/PA Wire
  • Yes campaign supporters in George Square, Glasgow, as Scotland has rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in the largest city.
  • Lynne Cameron/PA Wire
  • Supporters of the Better Together campaign react to the results of the Scottish independence referendum at The Marriott Hotel in Glasgow as Scotland has rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in the largest city.
  • Lynne Cameron/PA Wire
  • Supporters of the Better Together campaign react to the results of the Scottish independence referendum at The Marriott Hotel in Glasgow as Scotland has rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in the largest city.
  • Lynne Cameron/PA Wire
  • Better Together supporters celebrate at the Marriot Hotel in Glasgow as Scotland rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in Glasgow.
  • Lynne Cameron/PA Wire
  • Better Together supporters celebrate at the Marriot Hotel in Glasgow as Scotland rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in Glasgow.
  • Lynne Cameron/PA Wire
  • Better Together supporters celebrate at the Marriot Hotel in Glasgow as Scotland rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in Glasgow.
  • ANDY BUCHANAN via Getty Images
  • Supporters of the No campaign react as Scottish independence referendum results come in at a Better Together event in the Marriot Hotel in Glasgow on September 19, 2014. The question for voters at Scotland's more than 5,000 polling stations is 'Should Scotland be an independent country?' and they are asked to mark either 'Yes' or 'No'. The result is expected in the early hours of Friday. AFP PHOTO/ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
  • ANDY BUCHANAN via Getty Images
  • Pro-union supporters react as Scottish independence referendum results come in at a Better Together event in Glasgow on September 19, 2014. The question for voters at Scotland's more than 5,000 polling stations is 'Should Scotland be an independent country?' and they are asked to mark either 'Yes' or 'No'. The result is expected in the early hours of Friday. AFP PHOTO/ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
  • ANDY BUCHANAN via Getty Images
  • Pro-union supporters react as Scottish independence referendum results come in at a Better Together event in Glasgow on September 19, 2014. The question for voters at Scotland's more than 5,000 polling stations is 'Should Scotland be an independent country?' and they are asked to mark either 'Yes' or 'No'. The result is expected in the early hours of Friday. AFP PHOTO/ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
  • ANDY BUCHANAN via Getty Images
  • Pro-union supporters react as Scottish independence referendum results come in at a Better Together event in Glasgow on September 19, 2014. The question for voters at Scotland's more than 5,000 polling stations is 'Should Scotland be an independent country?' and they are asked to mark either 'Yes' or 'No'. The result is expected in the early hours of Friday. AFP PHOTO/ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
  • Peter Macdiarmid via Getty Images
  • GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Better Together campaigners celebrate poll results at a party on September 19, 2014 in Glasgow, Scotland. Polls have now closed in the Scottish referendum and the United Kingdom await the results of this historic vote. With a substantial turnout at the polling stations the vote is too close to call and the result is expected in the early hours of Friday morning (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
  • ANDY BUCHANAN via Getty Images
  • Pro-union supporters celebrate in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014, as polling results are announced. Votes cast for and against Scotland's independence in a historic referendum were running virtually neck and neck, early results showed on Friday as the count continued, but leading 'No' campaigners suggested that victory was in sight. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
    Pro-union supporters celebrate in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014, as polling results are announced. Votes cast for and against Scotland's independence in a historic referendum were running virtually neck and neck, early results showed on Friday as the count continued, but leading 'No' campaigners suggested that victory was in sight. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
    Pro-union supporters celebrate as Scottish independence referendum results are returned at a 'Better Together' event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014. Scotland appeared set to reject independence on Friday with 23 out of 32 voting areas declared and the crucial Glasgow region having given its result. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
    EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: 'Better Together' supporters react to count results at the Ingleston Hall on September 19, 2014 in Edinburgh, Scotland. Polls have now closed in the Scottish referendum and the United Kingdom awaits the results of this historic vote. With a substantial turnout at the polling stations the vote is too close to call and the result is expected in the early hours of Friday morning. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
    Pro-union supporters celebrate as Scottish independence referendum results are announced at a 'Better Together' event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014. Scotland appeared set to reject independence on Friday with 23 out of 32 voting areas declared and the crucial Glasgow region having given its result. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
    Pro-union supporters celebrate as Scottish independence referendum results are announced at a 'Better Together' event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014. Scotland appeared set to reject independence on Friday with 23 out of 32 voting areas declared and the crucial Glasgow region having given its result. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
    Pro-Union supporters celebrate during a 'Better Together' event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014, as referendum results are announced. Scotland appeared set to reject independence on Friday with 23 out of 32 voting areas declared and the crucial Glasgow region having given its result. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
    GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Better Together supporters celebrate the result at the campaign Headquarters at the Marriott Hotel on September 19, 2014 in Glasgow, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted “No” in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
    EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: 'Better Together' supporters celebrate the result of the Scottish referendum on independence at the count centre for the Scottish referendum at Ingleston Hall on September 19, 2014 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted “No” in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
    GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Better Together supporters celebrate the referendum result at the campaign Headquarters at the Marriott Hotel on September 19, 2014 in Glasgow, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted “No” in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
    GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: 'Better Together' supporters celebrate the result of the Scottish referendum on independence at the campaign Headquarters at the Marriott Hotel on September 19, 2014 in Glasgow, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted “No” in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
    Anti-independence Better Together 'no' campaigners celebrate the Scottish independence referendum result following the Fife local authority declaration at the Royal Highland Center in Edinburgh, U.K., on Friday, Sept. 19, 2014. Scotland voted to remain in the U.K. after an independence referendum that put the future of the 307-year-old union on a knife edge and risked years of political and financial turmoil. Photographer: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg via Getty Images
    An anti-independence Better Together 'no' campaigner holds a union flag as he celebrates the Scottish independence referendum result following the Fife local authority declaration at the Royal Highland Center in Edinburgh, U.K., on Friday, Sept. 19, 2014. Scotland voted to remain in the U.K. after an independence referendum that put the future of the 307-year-old union on a knife edge and risked years of political and financial turmoil. Photographer: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg via Getty Images
    Pro-union supporters celebrate during a 'Better Together' referendum celebration event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014. Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond on Friday conceded defeat in his party's campaign for independence from the rest of the United Kingdom, after all but one result from the historic referendum was declared. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
    Pro-union supporters celebrate during a 'Better Together' referendum celebration event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014. Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond on Friday conceded defeat in his party's campaign for independence from the rest of the United Kingdom, after all but one result from the historic referendum was declared. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
    Anti-independence Better Together 'no' campaigners hold a Union flag as they celebrate the Scottish independence referendum result, following the Fife local authority declaration, at the Royal Highland Center in Edinburgh, U.K., on Friday, Sept. 19, 2014. Scotland voted to remain in the U.K. after an independence referendum that put the future of the 307-year-old union on a knife edge and risked years of political and financial turmoil. Photographer: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg via Getty Images
    Pro-union supporters celebrate during a 'Better Together' referendum event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014. Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond on Friday conceded defeat in his party's campaign for independence from the rest of the United Kingdom, after all but one result from the historic referendum was declared. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
    Pro-union supporters celebrate during a 'Better Together' referendum event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014. Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond on Friday conceded defeat in his party's campaign for independence from the rest of the United Kingdom, after all but one result from the historic referendum was declared. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
    Pro-union supporters dance in celebration during a 'Better Together' referendum event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014. Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond on Friday conceded defeat in his party's campaign for independence from the rest of the United Kingdom, after all but one result from the historic referendum was declared. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
    No supporters for the Scottish independence referendum celebrate an early result at a No campaign event at a hotel in Glasgow, Scotland, early Friday, Sept. 19, 2014. From the capital of Edinburgh to the far-flung Shetland Islands, Scots embraced a historic moment - and the rest of the United Kingdom held its breath - after voters turned out in unprecedented numbers for an independence referendum that could end the country's 307-year union with England. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
    No supporters for the Scottish independence referendum celebrate an early result at a No campaign event at a hotel, Glasgow, Scotland, early Friday, Sept. 19, 2014. From the capital of Edinburgh to the far-flung Shetland Islands, Scots embraced a historic moment - and the rest of the United Kingdom held its breath - after voters turned out in unprecedented numbers for an independence referendum that could end the country's 307-year union with England. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
    No supporters for the Scottish independence referendum celebrate a result at a No campaign event at a hotel in Glasgow, Scotland, early Friday, Sept. 19, 2014. From the capital of Edinburgh to the far-flung Shetland Islands, Scots embraced a historic moment Û and the rest of the United Kingdom held its breath Û after voters turned out in unprecedented numbers for an independence referendum that could end the country's 307-year union with England. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
    LONDON, ENGLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Prime Minister David Cameron gives a press conference following the results of the Scottish referendum on independence outside 10 Downing Street on September 19, 2014 in London, England. The majority of Scottish people have today voted 'No' in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
    No supporters for the Scottish independence referendum celebrate a result at a No campaign event at a hotel in Glasgow, Scotland, early Friday, Sept. 19, 2014. From the capital of Edinburgh to the far-flung Shetland Islands, Scots embraced a historic moment Û and the rest of the United Kingdom held its breath Û after voters turned out in unprecedented numbers for an independence referendum that could end the country's 307-year union with England. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
    GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Leader of the Better Together campaign, Alistair Darling, gives a press conference at the campaign Headquarters at the Marriott Hotel on September 19, 2014 in Glasgow, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted 'No' in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
    Pro-Union British Labour Party MP Jim Murphy (2nd R) is congratulated at a 'Better Together' event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014, as referendum results are announced. Scotland appeared set to reject independence on Friday with 23 out of 32 voting areas declared and the crucial Glasgow region having given its result. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
    EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: A 'Yes' supporter reacts as First Minister Alex Salmond delivers a speech to supporters at Our Dynamic Earth on September 19, 2014 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted 'No' in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Matt Cardy/Getty Images)
    Pro-union supporters celebrate during a 'Better Together' referendum event in Glasgow, Scotland, on September 19, 2014. Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond on Friday conceded defeat in his party's campaign for independence from the rest of the United Kingdom, after all but one result from the historic referendum was declared. AFP PHOTO / ANDY BUCHANAN (Photo credit should read Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images)
    Pro-independence 'yes' campaigners, left, argue with anti-independence Better Together 'no' campaigners during the the Scottish independence referendum count at the Royal Highland Center in Edinburgh, U.K., on Friday, Sept. 19, 2014. Scotland voted to remain in the U.K. after an independence referendum that put the future of the 307-year-old union on a knife edge and risked years of political and financial turmoil. Photographer: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg via Getty Images
    EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Yes vote campaigners console themselves outside the Scottish Parliament building after the people of Scotland voted no to independence on September 19, 2014 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted 'No' in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)
    EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: First Minister Alex Salmond First Minister Alex Salmond delivers a speech to supporters at Our Dynamic Earth on September 19, 2014 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted 'No' in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Matt Cardy/Getty Images)
    EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: A dejected Yes vote campaigner cries outside the Scottish Parliament building after the people of Scotland voted no to independence on September 19, 2014 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted 'No' in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)
    EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: A dejected Yes vote campaigner gestures outside the Scottish Parliament building after the people of Scotland voted no to independence on September 19, 2014 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted 'No' in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)
    GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Better Together supporters celebrate the result at the campaign Headquarters at the Marriott Hotel on September 19, 2014 in Glasgow, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted “No” in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
    A member of the Radical Independence Campaign cries as referendum results are announced at the Royal Highland Centre in Edinburgh, Scotland, on September 19, 2014. Scotland appeared set to reject independence on Friday with 23 out of 32 voting areas declared and the crucial Glasgow region having given its result. AFP PHOTO / LEON NEAL (Photo credit should read LEON NEAL/AFP/Getty Images)
    Leader of the Scottish Labour Party Johann Lamont at The Marriott Hotel in Glasgow as Scotland has rejected independence, despite the Yes campaign winning a majority in the largest city.
    EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Dejected Yes vote campaigners make their way home along the Royal Mile after the people of Scotland voted no to independence on September 19, 2014 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The majority of Scottish people have today voted 'No' in the referendum and Scotland will remain within the historic union of countries that make up the United Kingdom. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)
Suggest a correction
Comments

CONVERSATIONS