A mummified head said to be that of "a South Sea island chief" is to be sent back to New Zealand after more than 150 years in the UK.
The Maori head, or Toi moko, was brought to Britain in the 1840s and has been kept in Warrington Museum in Cheshire since 1843.
Today the museum announced it was to be sent back to its motherland due to its "great cultural importance".
Maoris made heads for sale to Europeans who paid with gold
Janice Hayes, the museum's manager, said: "We don't know the precise origin of the head. We do know that the Maoris used to preserve severed heads for two reasons - either to venerate a loved one, or to ridicule an enemy defeated in battle.
"But we also know that some Maoris, when they learned that Europeans would pay gold for the old artefacts, began to manufacture more heads for sale.
"But in any case, Te Papa Tongarewa, one of the national museums of New Zealand has been asking for all such artefacts to be repatriated, at their expense, and Warrington Borough Council, which currently legally owns the head, has decided to return it."
Ms Hayes said many Samoans were of Maori origin, adding: "In Maori culture the head is considered to be the most sacred part of the body and male warriors would have an intricate facial tattoo called a moko applied to give it additional sacred powers.
"After their death their head was smoked and dried in the sun to preserve it and ensure it was still possible to see their unique moko which allowed them to be identified, almost like a finger print.
"Because these Toi moko are so sacred to the Maori it is regarded as an insult even to show a photograph of one and the museum removed the head from public view many years ago."
The council's executive board member for leisure, community and culture, Cllr Kate Hannon, said: "We're proud to have had this Toi moko in Warrington Museum for all this time, and there's a lot that can be learned from artefacts like this.
"But we think it's right and proper that the head should be returned to New Zealand.
"Human remains like this are of great cultural importance to the Maoris, and we're very happy to see to it that the Toi moko is returned to where it came from a century and a half ago."
Te Papa Tongarewa has indicated that it will want to conduct a ceremony at Warrington Museum to thank it for its care of the Toi moko before the New Zealand authorities resume custody of it.
The artefact is unlikely to be repatriated until the autumn so Warrington Borough Council intends to invite members of the New Zealand and Samoan national rugby league team to pay their respects to the Toi moko during their stay in the UK as part of the World Cup.