The Blog

A 'Low-Level' Image Is Still A Child Whose Abuse And Suffering Goes On

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IWF CEO busts top five myths of child sexual abuse images and videos on the internet.

The recent comments by Chief Constable Simon Bailey appear to have divided people who work in the area of child sexual exploitation into two camps - supporters, or objectors.

We work closely with the police. We're aware of the tremendous pressure on their workload and limited resources to tackle the problem.

But, there's no excuse to allow people to get away with viewing child sexual abuse images - even a low-level image is a real child being sexually abused.

As one colleague from another charity commented to me yesterday, "what a day to be a paedophile".

Regardless of resources, you don't give out the message that viewing even a low-level image will bring few consequences.

Now for myth-busting.

Myth 1: "It's only an image". Or, "it's just a low-level image".

We have 20 years' experience viewing and assessing child sexual abuse images and videos online. Images of children are rarely a one-off. They're often part of a series. One so-called low-level image captures the early moments of a child being forced into more severe sexual acts. David Hill, one of 4,000 child migrants sent to Australia, emotionally told the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse this week that some children never move on from their abuse. Imagine knowing your images are out there, being shared for someone's sexual gratification? Images are real children, who suffered real abuse.

Myles Bradbury was an Addenbrookes Hospital paediatrician who abused children in his care. In 2012 Toronto Police alerted UK police at the Child Exploitation and Online Protection (CEOP) Centre but intelligence was not acted upon quickly enough as the offending was considered low-level. He was later found to be a serious contact abuser.

Coral Jones, mother of April Jones who was murdered by paedophile Mark Bridger in 2012, said to us today: "You don't know what pictures Bridger was looking at before attacking my daughter. He was looking at images hours before he went after April. It doesn't matter what images paedophiles look at. Anything can trigger them off. That child could be lucky, or might not be lucky. That family could go through hell. There are men out there looking at photos of children. A child could have a photo taken of their abuse and they will have to live with that for the rest of their life. People can be cruel."

Myth 2: The internet industry does nothing.

The internet industry in the UK has virtually eradicated child sexual abuse content. Our latest global figures show that just 0.1% of this content globally is hosted in the UK. If images are viewed and shared in the UK, it's because people do this, using the images, which they access from their homes in the UK, found in other countries. We work globally to have these images removed but there's only so much which can be done. If other countries' internet industry took the same stance as those in the UK, there would be fewer hiding places for these criminal images.

Myth 3: Social media is "awash" with child sexual abuse imagery.

In fact, social networks are one of the least likely places we find child sexual abuse content. High-traffic sites make hosting and sharing this content difficult, because companies like Facebook and Twitter won't stand for it.

The former detective, Mark Williams Thomas, who unveiled the Jimmy Savile offences in 2012, said on This Morning (last week) that social networks are "awash" with child sexual abuse images. Last year we found just 1% of child sexual abuse images on social networking sites globally. Hardly awash.

What services we identified as hosting child sexual abuse content in 2016 in %

Image host - 72

Cyberlocker - 11

Banner site - 5

Image board - 3

Website - 2

Blog - 1

Forum - 1

Web archive - 1

Social networking site - 1

Image store - 1

Search provider -

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