Charlie Hebdo, the French newspaper where 12 people were killed in an attack on Wednesday, has long poked fun at popes and presidents, as well as the Prophet Muhammad.
The magazine's offices were firebombed in November 2011 after it published a spoof issue that "invited" Muhammad to be its guest editor and put his caricature on the cover.
Pope Benedict XVI has featured on the newspaper's cover...
A year later, the magazine published more Muhammad drawings amid an uproar over an anti-Muslim film.
The cartoons depicted Muhammad naked and in demeaning or pornographic poses. As outraged grew, the French government defended free speech even as it rebuked Charlie Hebdo for fanning tensions.
The small-circulation weekly leans toward the left and takes pride in making acerbic commentary on world affairs through cartoons and spoof reports.
...As has former French president Nicholas Sarkozy
"We treat the news like journalists. Some use cameras, some use computers. For us, it's a paper and pencil," the Muhammad cartoonist, who goes by the name Luz, told The Associated Press in 2012.
"A pencil is not a weapon. It's just a means of expression."
Editor Stephane Charbonnier, among the 10 journalists killed on Wednesday, also defended the Muhammad cartoons speaking to The AP in 2012.
Emergency crews at the scene in Paris on Wednesday
"Muhammad isn't sacred to me," said Charbonnier, who used the pen name Charb.
"I don't blame Muslims for not laughing at our drawings. I live under French law. I don't live under Quranic law."
Islam is not alone in being singled out by Charlie Hebdo's satire.
Two suspects were filmed leaping out of a car and pointing their weapons at a fallen policeman
The magazine occasionally publishes investigative journalism, taking aim at France's high and mighty.
Charlie Hebdo has come under pressure ever since its 2011 Muhammad issue.
Its website has been hacked. It faced a lawsuit over the prophet cartoons. Riot police once guarded its offices. Charb lived under police protection — and his body guard was killed on Wednesday along with another officer.
Charb told Le Monde newspaper two years ago: "I'd rather die standing than live on my knees."
One of his last cartoons, published in this week's issue, seemed an eerie premonition.
"Still no attacks in France," an extremist fighter says.
"Wait — we have until the end of January to present our New Year's wishes."
09/01/2015 18:03 GMT
Dammartin hostage was "hiding in cardboard box"
The hostage with the Kouachi brothers who were suspects the Paris magazine massacre was "hiding in a cardboard box" according to a French journalist - and the gunmen reportedly didn't even know he was there.
Dammartin hostage was reportedly hiding in cardboard box, informing security forces. Kouachi brothers didn't know he was there #CharlieHebdo— aurore cloé dupuis (@aurorecloe) January 9, 2015
09/01/2015 17:54 GMT
Second unknown male gunman in Kosher supermarket siege may have escaped
The second gunmen from the siege at a Kosher supermarket in Paris may have escaped, according to local sources.
Suspected gunman Amedy Coulibaly is reported to have been killled, but police believe from CCTV that there was a second hostage-taker in the shop who is not yet accounted for.
Update - French media report second gunman in kosher grocery in eastern #Paris was unknown male and has escaped as hostage situation ends— Sky News Newsdesk (@SkyNewsBreak) January 9, 2015
Hayat Boumeddiene, the woman suspected of attacking and killing a police officer in Paris yesterday with Coulibaly, is not thought to have been to in the grocery.
09/01/2015 17:38 GMT
Cameron is joining European leaders at a Charlie Hebdo rally this weekend
I've accepted President Hollande's invitation to join the Unity Rally in Paris this Sunday - celebrating the values behind #CharlieHebdo.— David Cameron (@David_Cameron) January 9, 2015
09/01/2015 17:30 GMT
Police confirm four casualties in grocery store
At least four people, including the attacker, have died at a kosher grocery store in Paris where a gunman took several hostages, police officials said.
Police officers were thought to be among those hurt, although their conditions were unclear.
The Elysee Palace said President Francois Hollande will address the nation before 7pm.
The BBC reported that a woman who was held hostage while shopping in the store had told a relative by phone that there were more than two people killed there - in fact she had said there were five people dead.
09/01/2015 17:12 GMT
Hayat Boumedienne, the second suspect in Paris hostage-taking, has escaped - police union official
Hayat Boumedienne, the second suspect in the killing of the French policewoman on Thursday, has not been killed or apprehended, according to police sources and Reuters news agency.
There was no confirmation that she was at the scene at the kosher store where her partner, or ex-partner, Amédy Coulibaly, was killed as he held more than five hostages.
09/01/2015 17:04 GMT
The aftermath of the assault in Dammartin
09/01/2015 17:00 GMT
Reuters - Four dead in kosher supermarket siege
Tragic news coming out of eastern Paris, at least four hostages are dead in the grocery store, according to police sources.
09/01/2015 16:52 GMT
Pictures of the hostages leaving the kosher supermarket
Members of the French police special forces attend to hostages and one of their colleagues lying on the ground after they launched the assault at a kosher grocery