Individuals 'learn' because it serves them in some way, and children of course are more instinctive than adults. Regardless of learning style, a young child will want to learn something as a way of exploring the world, and will use all senses: this is because the rational brain is not yet in many cases ready to retain information merely from sitting down and 'taking notes'.
What does Gove want us back to? He wants young people today to get bogged down in minutiae of detail and take their eye off the goal. He wants worker drones with no sense of their own capabilities and intelligence. He doesn't want people to solve problems, he wants clerks to write down sums in a book, perhaps to help balance the national deficit.