Story contains some graphic images
The martyrdom of the Prophet Muhammad’s grandson is being commemorated by some devout Shiite Muslims with rituals that include mass flagellation ceremonies, acts of giving, blood donations and candlelit vigils.
Ashura is marked on the tenth day of the Islamic month of Muharram (the first month of the lunar calendar, which can vary depending on the sighting of the moon).
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It marks the death of Imam Hussein, the grandson of the Holy prophet in 680 AD in Karbala, near Baghdad in Iraq. He was killed fighting the armies of Ummayid Caliph Yazid, alongside 72 men of his own men.
His body was then mutilated, leading to his martyrdom.
Events Commemorating Ashura Across The Globe Include:
- #40ActsofKindness: October 24 at 12:00 am till December 3 at 11:59 pm, Karachi, Pakistan
- Blood donations: October 24 at 9:00 am till 1:00 pm Iranian Hospital-Dubai
- Downtown Procession: October 24 at 10:00 am, Richard J. Daley Center, Chicago
- Water Distribution Drive: October 24 at 1:00 pm till 5:00 pm, Jhelum, Pakistan
- Weekly Food Donation Drive: October 24 at 6:00 pm till 8:00 pm, Charing Cross, London
- Annual Interfaith Candle light Vigil for Peace & Humanity: October 25 at 5:45 pm till 7:45 pm, Irving, Texas
- Who is Hussain: October 26 at 4:00 pm till 8:00 pm, Detroit
- Blood donations: October 31 at 10:00 am till 4:00 pm, Belgrave Road, London
- Weekly Food Donation Drive: October 31 at 6:00 pm till 8:00 pm, Charing Cross, London
- Who Is Hussain: November 2 at 5:00 pm till 9:00 pm, Southfield, Michigan
As well as a minority who choose to mark the occasion with self-flagellation - to emulate the suffering of Hussein - some take part in processions, which involve walking on coals and carrying a 'Tazia' - a replica of his coffin.
Many travel to Karbala in Iraq, where Hussein was killed, as a pilgrimage on Ashura. Some observers wear black and march through the streets chanting and hitting themselves in the chest. Some use whips and chains - or cut themselves on the forehead - to ritually punish their bodies.
Many Shiite leaders discourage the bloodletting, claiming it creates a negative image and encourage people to donate blood instead.
The campaigns were launched by Shia clerics who believe self flagellation has no place in modern Islam.
Sunni Muslims consider Ashura a fast day because Muhammad fasted then and Moses fasted in appreciation of the successful Exodus for Egypt.
Many believe the death of Hussein was a decisive event in the split in Islam between the two sects of the Shiite and the Sunnis.
Shiites, who constitute Islam’s second-largest denomination (between 10-15 per cent of the Muslim population) consider Hussein to be one of the true heirs of Muhammad’s legacy.
Flagellation is also carried out by some Catholics, although it is no longer a widespread practice.
The late Pope John Paul II would whip himself, according to a nun who used to care for him.
And in the Philippines, devotees wearing crowns of twigs are nailed to crosses in a yearly rite, despite discouragement by church leaders.