21/11/2019 16:57 GMT | Updated 22/11/2019 12:03 GMT

Five Questions You Might Be Asking Right Now About Prince Andrew, Answered

What does being a ‘patron’ actually mean?

A statement from Prince Andrew on Wednesday marked a dramatic shift in the ongoing fallout from his disastrous TV interview, as the royal finally said he regretted his friendship with convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein and would be stepping down from public duties “for the foreseeable future”.

Now the steady trickle of organisations that have distanced themselves from the Duke of York over the last few days is threatening to turn into a flood. He holds the title of patron or similar at some 180 organisations and the vast majority have yet to publicly comment.

Prince Andrew also said in his statement that he is “willing to help any appropriate law enforcement agency with their investigation”, raising the possibility of US officials investigating Jeffrey Epstein to question the Duke – something Epstein’s victims are pressing for.

But what does this all mean and how significant is it? Here are a few questions and answers surrounding the ongoing scandal...

What are the ‘public duties’ he is actually stepping down from and how is he paid?

Prince Andrew will no longer carry out any official duties for the royal family or the UK, though these were in short supply anyway after he stood down as Britain’s Trade Envoy in 2011.

Since then he was more likely to have been spotted at the odd ribbon-cutting ceremony or lending a veneer of pomp to an awards ceremony, but events such as these will now stop.

As for where Prince Andrew gets his money – he will no longer receive taxpayer money for carrying out official duties but he will retain an income.

Joe Little, managing editor of Majesty magazine, told HuffPost UK: “There’s a lot of confusion about the money he gets from the public purse. People seem to be under the impression he receives a salary from the taxpayer but that isn’t the case.

“The public contributes to the cost of his official travel, whatever he’s doing on official business is reimbursed by the Exchequer through a rather convoluted way thought something called the sovereign grants. 

“All the rest of his funding comes from the Privy Purse, the Queen’s private income, much of which is derived from the Duchy of Lancaster so she would pay for the running of his office or anything of a private nature, upkeep for his royal lodge for example.”

What does being a ‘patron’ actually mean?

Prince Andrew is associated with scores of charities, organisations and military units, holding the title of patron or similar.

According to the Association for Research in the Voluntary and Community Sector, a patron is “someone who agrees to lend their name to your organisation as a way of supporting you”.

A patron typically does little else for an organisation but the weight of their name can bring publicity and prestige – until they become a liability.

Joe Little, managing editor of Majesty magazine, told HuffPost UK: “There is obviously a pecking order for royal patronages and the Queen is very much the top. Next in line would be the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge – they really are hot property at the moment.

“There are diminishing returns as you go down the line of succession but nevertheless the Duke of York has taken his patronages seriously and I think he has to give some up, which it looks like he inevitably will have to. He will do so with a heavy heart.”

As noted above, a number of organisations have already distanced themselves from the Duke but most are yet to comment.

Prince Andrew is to continue working on his flagship project Pitch@Palace but will do so privately without the support of Buckingham Palace, it emerged on Thursday.

Duncan McGlynn via Getty Images
Prince Andrew, Duke of York.

How significant is all this?

In one sense, very; in another, possibly not so much.

Royal author Penny Junor branded the move “absolutely unprecedented”.

She said the decision was inevitable and had probably averted a crisis, but the monarchy was going through very difficult times.

“This is absolutely unprecedented that a fairly senior member of the royal family should be forced to retire from public life,” she said.

The royal writer told the PA news agency: “With all the events of the last year put together, I think the monarchy is going through very difficult times… I think it’s been a disastrous year.”

But, in the context of the Jeffrey Epstein investigation and Prince Andrew’s friendship with the convicted paedophile, it is still far short of what Epstein’s alleged victims are demanding – that he participate in the criminal investigation.

Graham Smith, of Republic, which campaigns for an elected head of state, called the move “more smoke and mirrors to protect the image of the monarchy”.

Is this the last we’ll see of him in public?

Nope, he was spotted just this afternoon leaving his home in Windsor, Berkshire.

PA Wire/PA Images
The Duke of York leaves his home in Windsor, Berkshire, the day after he suspended his work with his charities, organisations and military units because of the fallout from his friendship with sex offender Jeffrey Epstein.

And in terms of official engagements, Prince Andrew remains a member of the royal family and could still attend major national state events that are separate from his personal public duties.

These include events such as appearing on Buckingham Palace’s balcony after the Trooping the Colour ceremony or the Remembrance Sunday service at Whitehall’s Cenotaph.

Little told HuffPost UK: “It could well be that the next time we see him will be on Christmas Day at Sandringham.

“Usually they all walk to church and back so whether the Duke will be part of that walking group remains to be seen or whether he’ll keep a low profile back at the house. It’s too early to say.”

Will he have to cooperate with US official investigation into Jeffrey Epstein?

At present it’s not yet clear if he will definitely be drawn into the official investigation proceedings or not but it is definitely on the cards.

Lisa Bloom, a lawyer who has been working with five Epstein clients, has said as an attorney she had “the right” to seek a statement from individuals she deemed to have “relevant information”.

She told BBC Breakfast: “It’s not going to be easy to subpoena someone like Prince Andrew. He’s obviously not walking down the street where a process server can just hand him a piece of paper – it’s a lot more complicated.”

And being a royal provides no protection. “As far as the legal system is concerned he has no privileges so he would be treated exactly the same as you and I,” Little told HuffPost UK.