Choosing a paint colour can feel utterly overwhelming. The swatches are endless and the stakes seem high.
“Colour sends a message,” interior designer and colour consultant Mary Nolte tells HuffPost. “Colour can be bold or timid, bright or muted, playful or serene. They can brighten a room or create cosiness. Colour can create drama or relaxation. The colours you select should set the scene for the mood you are trying to create.”
Indeed, interior paint colours have the power to transform a space for a relatively affordable price. They can create a sense of cohesion in the home, while also separating out spaces.
But how to do you go about selecting the right shades for the spaces you inhabit? We asked interior designers and colour experts to share their advice for choosing a paint colour for your home. Read on for six questions they recommend asking yourself as you make this decision.
Does the colour feel comfortable and welcoming?
“When we design home interiors, we often spend time considering the look we want to go for, and how that will be conveyed to those who visit. Less often considered is how the use of colour can impact both our and our visitors’ physiological and psychological state,” said Lee Chambers, an environmental psychologist who has researched the psychological aspects of colour and space.
“Not until very recently in the human journey have we been able to select the colour of the spaces we exist in,” he added. “The colour of a space can impact a variety of factors, from how we feel in the moment, to how welcoming a space is.”
Chambers also noted that colour can affect our heart rates, impact our energy levels and generate a range of responses and behaviours, which varies between individuals.
“Pinks are comforting and a great colour for creativity. Blues are known as the colours of the mind so great for work-from-home office spaces.”
With that in mind, you should choose colours that make you feel comfortable and at home in your house. And once you’ve settled on a general colour, give that same consideration to the specific hues.
“Ask, ‘Are they warm? How vibrant is the tone and how dark is the shade?’” suggested Chambers. “While the trends have changed, and the colour of the season moves, the welcoming colours don’t tend to vary too much, with soft warm colours being valued for their welcoming characteristics.”
Paint swatches on your walls and consider which ones evoke the feelings and sensibility you want in the space as you go about your day there.
“Certain colours provide a more homely feel than others, making them more appealing,” said Tash Bradley, head colour specialist at the paint and wallpaper brand Lick. “We often find certain colours are consistently on trend due to the feelings they transpire into the home. Browns and beiges are stable and grounding. Pinks are comforting and a great colour for creativity. Blues are known as the colours of the mind so great for work-from-home office spaces.”
Does it bring the outside in?
“It is worth remembering that 99.9% of our human existence wasn’t based in the built environments we have today,” Chambers said. “The colours prevalent in natural environments in abundance, such as greens and blues, will always have a welcoming element as they represent home in a way beyond our four walls.”
Colours that bring the outside in are particularly appealing now after we’ve spent so much of the last two years inside amid the Covid-19 pandemic, noted Erika Woelfel, vice president of colour and creative services at Behr Paint Co.
“We launched our 2022 Colour of the Year and Trends Palette last month,” she explained. “The colours bring the outdoors inside and welcome a hopeful sense of renewal, restoration and healing. Over the past year and a half, we’ve spent more time in our home than ever before, so we recommend turning to these colours if you’re looking to elevate your space and create a new sense of balance.”
She noted that hues that are reminiscent of colours found in nature can also serve as “an easy backdrop that doesn’t fight for attention with furniture, artwork and other decorations.”
Is it a reflection of my individuality?
“One important thing that I try to get across to my clients is that colour really should represent your own personal sensibility,” said colour expert Joan Ffolliott. “I think people are afraid to embrace their individuality. But paint colours can really lend a home its unique quality to the people who live there. It can be an individual expression of their style, what they value, their own particular influences, cultural influences, financial influences, all sorts of stuff.”
“Some Blue-green blends can give have a ‘spa-vibe’ and are supposed to be relaxing. However, if you were raised in an environment where this colour negatively affected you, you might not find it relaxing at all!”
Interior design is about letting your personality shine through the home, whether it’s through soft, soothing paint choices or vibrant accent walls. Your individual experiences and preferences are crucial when it comes to determining the right interior paint colours for your home.
There’s often an emotional component as well. While some people adore bright saturated colours, others may feel much more at home with neutrals.
“What is appealing to one can be appalling to another!” said interior designer Kylie Mawdsley of Kylie M Interiors. “For example, some blue-green blends can give have a ‘spa-vibe’ and are supposed to be relaxing. However, if you were raised in an environment where this colour negatively affected you, you might not find it relaxing at all!”
Beyond the emotions a colour evokes, we also have different views of what looks luxurious or expensive. For some, it’s dark, rich colours that feel like they belong in palaces, but for others, it’s a clean white that suggest ancient statues and marble.
“Whether it’s the power symbolised by red, the noble regality conveyed by purple, the exclusive luxury conferred by black or the champion-like messaging of gold, colour can be used to articulate value,” Chambers explained.
“The beauty is that, as humans, we value different aspects of life, and for some, the green of the dollar may feel expensive, but to another individual, it may represent dirt and germs. It also impacts us on a cultural level, with certain colours being portrayed as expensive and exclusive, and these change depending on where in the world you reside.”
What are the current trends?
Although the goal is to choose a colour that best expresses you and your desired mood, it’s OK to look at what’s popular at the moment. Sometimes trends can inspire ideas or help you identify what you definitely do or do not want.
“When it comes to selecting paint colours, interior trends and psychology are interconnected and have a bearing on a person’s colour selections,” Nolte said. “Interior trends change. People tend to feel comfortable feeling ‘up to date.’ Paint colour is a relatively easy and economical way to achieve a refreshed look.”
Sometimes the image we want our homes to portray and the feelings we want them to create involve feeling on trend. The trends can change and circle back around, and some colours trend because they simply feel classic and appealing at all times.
“Brasses, mauves and blush used to be associated with the 80s and faux pas but now are all having a massive resurgence due to changes in trends,” said interior designer and colour expert Jennifer Guerin. “And then there is the fact that some classic colours are just done right and truly appeal to the masses year after year.”
Does this suit the space?
While trends can help guide you toward colours you like or dislike, it’s more important to consider whether your chosen colour suits the space you’re painting.
“I tend to steer people away from following trends, or at least if you’re going to choose a trendy colour, examine maybe why you’re doing it,” Ffolliott said. “Maybe your space doesn’t have the bones or capacity to carry that colour like the one in the picture. People have Pinterest of all kinds of colours but you might not have the space for this or your architecture doesn’t support that.”
The function of the room can help dictate the feeling or mood you’re seeking to create there.
“One thing to consider is how the room is used, and the size of the room, as certain colours can create space and even facilitate and complement the use of the room,” Chambers said.
Darker colours might make a small room feel even smaller, but strategic accent walls or even ceiling paint can transform the sense of space. It’s OK to play around with bright colours if they seem to suit the vibe you’re going for.
“Making a home most desirable to fit your own personality and function is the paramount reason for investing in the right colours and paint everywhere and anywhere,” Guerin said. “Don’t stop at going big and bold on bath vanities. Look at your laundry room to infuse some fun and colour and let it just be you.”
How does it work with the decor?
In addition to the bones of the space, you’ll also want to make sure your paint colours work with your furnishings and other decor.
“Sometimes the finishes in our homes are limiting, meaning we have to choose wall colours we don’t 100% love in order for things to flow. From there, it’s about adding the colours we love in decor, accessories or even feature walls and accents!” Mawdsley said.
If trendy paint colours don’t suit your home, you can always achieve an updated vibe with decor details.
“A person can select a paint colour that works with their existing furnishings, then add some current accessories to achieve a revived space to come home to,” Nolte said.
You can also choose to make the decor more of the focal point by choosing a less bold wall paint colour.
“If you’re nervous about adding colour to the walls, then make your dominate hue for the walls stay as the background in a hue that reflects light and sets the stage for the accessories to bring in the fun such as throws, vases, rugs and pillows,” Guerin said. “You can change them easily as your palette evolves.”
Think about textures as well as colours, advised coloir consultant Amy Wax.
“The textures you choose can enhance your colour selections,” she said. “Richer colours ― a deep plum, saturated charcoal greys or even navy or teal blues – look and feel more luxurious when they are in accompanied by contrasting soft linens, shimmering wall papers or smooth velvets. On the other end of the spectrum, off-whites, feathery soft blues or even a soft blush feel luxurious against brilliant white linens and feathery soft accessories.”
Above all, get creative with the process and don’t stress too much. And if at first you don’t succeed, paint, paint again.