England v Scotland: 2000 Years Of Ups And Downs

Salmond Cameron

The Huffington Post UK   Rizwan Syed First Posted: 12/01/12 13:48 Updated: 12/01/12 13:48

The current clash between David Cameron and Alex Salmond over a future Scottish referendum for independence is the latest confrontation in a 2000-year history of rivalry between England and Scotland.

At the moment the two leaders are locked in a political, legal and perhaps constitutional row over who can trigger a referendum in Scotland, when it should be held and what the question should be on the ballot paper. Alex Salmond believes he can hold a referendum without asking Westminster for permission first, and that he'd like to do this in the autumn of 2014.

From the policies of Roman Emperors to medieval treaties, football-stadiums and poll taxes, we take a look back on how this rivalry has changed and evolved over the centuries.

As with so much these days, it's possible to blame the Italians for starting it all.

Hadrian's Wall
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After failing to crush the Caledonian tries, the Roman Emperor Hadrian erected a wall to protect his English colony.

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