The leading causes of death have changed markedly over the years. A century ago, infections were the leading causes of death. Today, we will probably survive much longer than our ancestors but it is more likely we will die of age related diseases like mobility problems, arthritis and Alzheimer's or other chronic diseases like heart disease, cancer or stroke.
With the advent of collaborative online databases, it is now perfectly feasible for a useful contribution to the scientific corpus to be comprised of literally one 'bit' of information. And, given the exponential arc of technological progress, within a decade or two the maximum size of a new scientific contribution may well exceed the sum total of all the scientific data that exist today.
Plays such as Michael Frayn's Copenhagen, my Oppenheimer or Complicité's A Disappearing Number are not truth - they are not documentary. What they do is introduce a scientific figure or a scientific idea, tether it to the structures of story and drama, and introduce an otherwise unknown aspect of history to a new audience.
I would like to congratulate you on your election, especially amongst such an experienced and talented field. I wish you well in continuing to raise the influence and impact of the Bank as Africa's pre-eminent financial institution, and in playing its part in the continent's sustainable and inclusive growth.
I can only hope that small changes in perception, attitude and most of all confidence like these, repeated over and over again in homes across the world, will result in more girls feeling more confident about science, and families feeling more positive (and less scared!) of tackling a science activity themselves.
The political parties seek to differentiate themselves on issues such as the NHS, immigration, the economy, mental health, education, nationalism, the environment, austerity, and much else. But science rarely seems to rank as even a second-tier area for political differentiation...
As countries struggle to reduce emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels, this is a very significant conclusion that should reshape the international climate change agenda. But what to do, it is after all not as if there haven't been serious efforts down the decades to halt forest loss?
It wasn't actually that long ago that science was a topic that gave everyone but eggheads a headache. While lesser minds obsessed over things like looking cool, and having sex, and getting invited to parties, the nerd could go about life smug in the knowledge that we knew how things really worked.
I propose that we look to the ocean to seek inspiration and knowledge to accelerate our space age frontier. My vision is to engage the marine and space research communities with subsea infrastructure and offshore industry to create a permanent human presence in our ocean.
A lot of LGBT scientists did not 'come out' in the past because they lived in a time where being gay or bisexual or transgender was quite simply not accepted. But they don't have to do that anymore. So let's solve this lack of knowledge about LGBT scientists. Here are seven scientists you probably didn't know were LGBT (or maybe you didn't even know they existed!).
When you spend time observing your thoughts, you start to realise that that's all they are - thoughts. And then you notice things about them - not just their content, but also their emotional payload, their frequency, patterns in which ones you have when and why.
While the rise was initially seen in adults, it has now extended to all age groups and, for the first time in a decade, young children have died as a result of MenW. A rise in cases in students has also been observed.
Medical advances that improve our chances of survival, discoveries that help us to understand our place in the universe and technological advances that mean we can all hold a cutting-edge computer in our hands are all underpinned by scientific research.
Crisis may seem a little alarmist. Maybe it is, but probably not. The Enlightment taught us that there exists no better way for us to accrue knowledge about the world than the dispassionate, evidence-driven approach of the scientific method and, conversely, no bigger obstacle to progress than ideology and dogma.
There are so many biases against women in science, and although many of these are likely to be unconscious, they all provide the female scientist with larger, steeper mountains to climb towards success.
Unite will always work hard with employers to help ensure that apprenticeships being offered are meaningful, never bogus. I'd say to all women interested in engineering - don't be put off by outdated sexism. Britain doesn't need it, but Britain certainly needs you.