In 2007 Peru established two oil and gas concessions, Lot 135 and Lot 137, totalling almost 1.5 million hectares and contracted a Canadian company, Pacific Rubiales Energy, to operate there. This means that more than half of the western boundary of the Javari reserve borders Peruvian oil and gas concessions.
The Kurds of Iraq cannot be accused of impatience over exploiting their energy riches. Oil has been underground for millennia and as it bubbled to the surface was used in traditional medical treatments. But those who ruled Iraq neglected it, apart from the Kirkuk region which was forcibly taken from the Kurds...
When countries set out their cases for energy independence, the main reason is generally cited as the need to ease reliance on oil and gas from unfriendly places. President Barack Obama's 'All of the Above' energy strategy for example, a plan that has seen this US administration extract more fossil fuels than any other, is very much predicated on the need to lessen oil imports from Iran and Saudi Arabia.
The announcement this week by the gas company Cuadrilla that it wants to drill and frack up to eight new wells in Lancashire has alarmed local people and green campaigners alike; they are worried about the impact of hydraulic fracturing - the controversial technique which involves injecting, at high pressure, a mixture of water, sand and chemicals into the earth to release shale gas - on the area's countryside and wider environment.
Labour Party leader Ed Miliband's laughably naïve announcement that, if elected, he would freeze energy prices for twenty months from the date of his election makes you wonder if these seat-of-the-pants, counter-punch 'policies' have been properly considered or professionally researched and analysed.
Some blame the 'greedy profiteering energy fat cats'. Some have even blamed consumers for not helping themselves when it comes to cutting back on their energy use or finding the best energy deals that are out there. The truth of course is that no one group is right. The real truth is our energy market is fundamentally failing.