No simple cure exists; but while the violent extremists seek to groom recruits, we also have time to promote dignity and humanity and to set prisoners on the path to their communities and to never looking back. This journey begins with the creation of fair and just prison systems.
It appears since Prevent became a statutory duty on those working in the health sector since July 2015 the NHS referred 420 patients and staff to police in England and Wales in a year over concerns they were at risk of radicalisation, which equates to an average of 35 referrals a month.
Our preoccupation with social media companies is fogging our vision and preventing us from seeing the wider picture, making society feel that the answer to recruitment and radicalisation is a simple, immediately remedied problem.
Why, when someone knowingly and deliberately chooses to embrace a cancerous and poisonous ideology which has been responsible for mass murder and attempted genocide, do we act as though they're passive bystanders and say they 'have been radicalised'?
Five years ago at one of the first meetings of our Prevent Advisory Group (PAG) I was suspected of being a spy for M15. Anxiety about Prevent - the Government's counter-radicalisation programme - ran so high that PAG representatives of local Mosques and Muslim community groups asked me to close my laptop in case I was using it as a recording device.
Ultimately I work in Prevent because it makes a difference. It transforms lives and protects communities. I believe that it is the right thing to do. And when staunch critics are unable or unwilling to put forward credible alternatives, it is clear that at the moment it's the best we've got.
After the events of this summer, another period plagued with deadly terrorist incidents, there is no doubt that France needs to act with haste to quell any future threats. Whether deradicalisation centres will diminish the ability of terrorist groups to hook new recruits is yet to be seen. If the scheme is successful, the French government will have defied its own experts.
Community engagement aimed at vulnerable sections of our communities will always be difficult for sensitive areas such as Prevent in the same way it will always be difficult for other areas such as child sexual exploitation, female genital mutilation, guns and gangs or domestic violence.
Can prisons effectively challenge extremist perspectives, or do they incubate and encourage them to spread? How should we deal those who, like Choudary, are able to persuade and recruit individuals towards an extremist, and in some cases violent, mindset?
Separate units set to keep Islamic extremists away from other prisoners.