For my money, giving the public more say - and encouraging them to put themselves in decision-makers' shoes in so doing - is a key part of the solution. The more people are brought in on dilemmas the more the present impasse can be reduced - and the more Tinkerbell theories of government can be put to bed.
Never before have the British people been asked so frequently to take decisions with monumental consequences. Yet in the build-up to the recent EU Referendum , it is arguable that one of the most common claims made by citizens young and old was "I want more information" and/or "I don't understand the issue enough to be able to vote with confidence". In this scenario, the direct democracy of a referendum is left open to manipulation by those with more information, and therefore more power. So where does the solution lie?